A multi-level perspective on the synergies between work and family


Correspondence should be addressed to Dr Grzywacz, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA (e-mail: grzywacz@wfubmc.edu).


In this paper we lay the conceptual foundation for work-family facilitation. Work-family facilitation is a process representing the synergies between the domains of work and family. We formally define facilitation as the extent to which an individual's engagement in one social system, such as work or family, contributes to growth in another social system. We develop the process through which facilitation occurs, provide a model and case studies of this process, and delineate additional theoretical and empirical research necessary to understand work-family facilitation so that it can be managed and cultivated within organizations.