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An integrative model of safety climate: Linking psychological climate and work attitudes to individual safety outcomes using meta-analysis


Correspondence should be addressed to Dr Sharon Clarke, Manchester Business School, The University of Manchester, Booth Street West, Manchester M15 6PB, UK (e-mail:


Meta-analytic path analysis was utilised to test an integrative model linking perceived safety climate to hypothesized organisational antecedents and individual outcomes. Psychological climate, especially the perception of organisational attributes, was found to be significantly associated with safety climate (both constructs measured at the individual level). A partial mediation model was supported. Within this model, the relationship between safety climate and safety behaviour was partially mediated by work-related attitudes (organisational commitment and job satisfaction), and the relationship between safety climate and occupational accidents was partially mediated by both safety behaviour and general health. Safety climate acted as a partial mediator in the relationship between psychological climate and safety behaviour, with direct effects from climate perceptions relating to the leader and organisational processes. Avenues for further research and practical implications are discussed.