Effects of personality, interrogation techniques and plausibility in an experimental false confession paradigm
Version of Record online: 24 DEC 2010
2008 The British Psychological Society
Legal and Criminological Psychology
Volume 13, Issue 1, pages 71–88, February 2008
How to Cite
Klaver, J. R., Lee, Z. and Rose, V. G. (2008), Effects of personality, interrogation techniques and plausibility in an experimental false confession paradigm. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 13: 71–88. doi: 10.1348/135532507X193051
- Issue online: 24 DEC 2010
- Version of Record online: 24 DEC 2010
- Received 17 January 2007; revised version received 25 February 2007
- Miscarriages of justice in potentially capital cases Stanford Law Review 40 21–197 1987.
- Effects of length of sleep deprivation on interrogative suggestibility Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 2 48–59 1996.
- Convicting the innocent: Errors of criminal justice New Haven, CT Yale University Press 1932.
- Wrongful imprisonment London Allen & Unwin 1973.
- Psychological assessments of confessions and suggestibility in mentally retarded suspects Journal of Psychiatry and Law 33 359–366 2005.
- I hit the shift key and then the computer crashed: Children and false admissions Personality and Individual Differences 38 1381–1387 2005.
- Courtroom questioning as a culturally situated persuasive genre of talk Discourse and Society 15 705–722 2004.
- Interrogative suggestibility, confabulation, and acquiescence in people with mild learning disabilities (mental handicap): Implications for reliability during police interrogation British Journal of Clinical Psychology 32 295–301 1993.
- The vulnerability of suspects with intellectual disabilities during police interviews: A review and experimental study of decision-making Mental Handicap Research 8 110–128 1995.
- Convicted by juries, exonerated by science: Case studies in the use of DNA evidence to establish innocence after trial Washington, DC National Institute of Justice 1996.
- Research and expert testimony on interrogations and confessions Costanzo, M. Krauss, D. Pezdek, K. Expert psychological testimony for the courts 69–98 Mahwah, NJ Erlbaum 2007.
- The problem of interviewing drug addicts in custody: A study of interrogative suggestibility and compliance Psychology, Crime, and Law 2 185–195 1996.
- The problem of false confessions in the post-DNA world North Carolina Law Review 82 891–1007 2004.
- Tales from the juvenile confession front: A guide to how standard police interrogation tactics can produce coerced and false confessions from juvenile suspects Lassiter, G. D. Interrogations, confessions, and entrapment 127–162 New York Kluwer Academic 2004.
- Suspect personality, police interrogations, and false confessions: Maybe it is not just the situation Personality and Individual Differences 40 621–628 2006.
- The role of pre-existing stress on false confessions: An empirical study Journal of Credibility Assessment and Witness Psychology 3 23–45 2002.
- The relationship between coping strategies and interrogative suggestibility Psychiatry, Psychology, and Law 8 23–37 2001.
- Frazier v. Cupp, 394 U.S. 731 (1969).
- Mental retardation, competency to waive Miranda rights, and false confessions Lassiter, G. D. Interrogations, confessions, and entrapment 163–179 New York Kluwer Academic 2004.
- Juvenile offenders' Miranda rights comprehension and self-reported likelihood of offering false confessions Assessment 10 359–369 2003.
- A parallel form of the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scale British Journal of Clinical Psychology 26 215–221 1987.
- Interrogative suggestibility: Its relationship with assertiveness, social-evaluative anxiety, state anxiety and method of coping British Journal of Clinical Psychology 27 159–166 1988.
- Compliance in an interrogative situation: A new scale Personality and Individual Differences 10 535–540 1989.
- One hundred alleged false confession cases: Some normative data British Journal of Clinical Psychology 29 249–250 1990.
- Suggestibility and compliance among alleged false confessors and resisters in criminal trials Medicine, Science, and the Law 31 147–151 1991.
- The psychology of interrogations, confessions, and testimony London Wiley 1992.
- Confession evidence, psychological vulnerability and expert testimony Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology 3 117–129 1993.
- The effects of interrogative pressure on strategic coping Psychology, Crime, and Law 1 309–318 1995.
- The Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales manual UK Psychology Press/Earlbaum 1997.
- The IRA funeral murderers: The confession of PK and the expert psychological testimony Legal and Criminological Psychology 4 45–50 1999a.
- The making of a serial false confessor: The confessions of Henry Lee Lucas Journal of Forensic Psychiatry 10 416–426 1999b.
- The psychology of interrogations and confessions: A handbook New York Wiley 2003.
- Suggestibility in police interrogation: A social psychological model Social Behavior 1 83–104 1986.
- The effects of alcohol withdrawal on mental state, interrogative suggestibility and compliance: An experimental study Journal of Forensic Psychiatry 13 53–67 2002.
- Retracted confessions: Legal, psychological and psychiatric aspects Medicine, Science, and the Law 28 187–194 1988.
- Learning disability and the police and criminal evidence act 1984. Protection during investigative interviewing: A video-recorded false confession to double murder Journal of Forensic Psychiatry 5 35–49 1994.
- How frequently do false confessions occur? An empirical study among prison inmates Psychology, Crime, and Law 1 21–26 1994.
- The relationship of compliance with coping strategies and self-esteem European Journal of Psychological Assessment 19 117–123 2003.
- Custodial interrogation, false confession and individual differences: A national study among Icelandic youth Personality and Individual Differences 41 49–59 2006.
- Confessions and denials and the relationship with personality Legal and Criminological Psychology 9 121–133 2004.
- The role of personality in relation to confessions and denials Psychology, Crime, and Law 10 125–135 2004.
- The relationship between false confessions and perceptions of parental rearing practices Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 47 361–368 2006.
- Memory distortions and false confessions Applied Cognitive Psychology 18 567–588 2004.
- Individual differences and false confessions: A conceptual replication of Kassin and Kiechel (1996) Psychology, Crime, and Law 9 1–8 2003.
- False confessions in the lab: Do plausibility and consequences matter? Psychology, Crime, and Law 12 61–75 2006.
- Effects of coping style on interrogative suggestibility Personality and Individual Differences 33 479–485 2002.
- Criminal interrogations and confessions 4th ed. Gaithersburg, MD Aspen Publications 2001.
- Police interrogation: A case study of current practice Research Studies No. 2 London HMSO 1980.
- Police interrogation: The effects of the police and criminal evidence act London The Police Foundation 1989.
- The psychology of confession evidence American Psychologist 52 221–233 1997.
- On the psychology of confessions: Does innocence put innocents at risk? American Psychologist 60 215–228 2005.
- The psychology of confessions: A review of the literature and issues Psychological Science in the Public Interest 5 35–69 2004. Direct Link:
- The social psychology of false confessions: Compliance, internalization, and confabulation Psychological Science 7 125–128 1996. Direct Link:
- Police interrogations and confessions: Communicating promises and threats by pragmatic implication Law and Human Behavior 15 233–251 1991.
- On the power of confession evidence: An experimental test of the fundamental difference hypothesis Law and Human Behavior 21 469–484 1997.
- Coerced confessions and the jury: An experimental test of the harmless error rule Law and Human Behavior 21 27–46 1997.
- Compliance, identification, and internalization: Three processes of attitude change Journal of Conflict Resolution 2 51–60 1958.
- Processes of opinion change Public Opinion Quarterly 25 57–78 1961.
- Social psychology: Unraveling the mystery 2nd ed. Boston Allyn and Bacon 2002.
- The third degree Lassiter, G. D. Interrogations, confessions, and entrapment 37–84 New York Kluwer Academic 2004.
- The consequences of false confessions: Deprivations of liberty and miscarriages of justice in the age of psychological interrogation Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 88 429–497 1998.
- Handbook of the law and evidence 2nd ed. St. Paul, MN West 1972.
- He's guilty!: Investigator bias in judgments of truth and deception Law and Human Behavior 26 469–480 2002.
- Coerced confessions: The logic of seemingly irrational action Cultic Studies Journal 6 1–14 1989.
- Police interviewing and psychological vulnerabilities: Predicting the likelihood of a confession Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology 8 1–21 1998.
- Deception in the interrogation room: Sometimes tragic for persons with mental retardation and other developmental disabilities Mental Retardation 38 532–537 2000.
- Planting false childhood memories: The role of event plausibility Psychological Science 8 437–441 1997. Direct Link:
- Planting false childhood memories in children: The role of event plausibility Child Development 70 887–895 1999.
- In spite of innocence: Erroneous convictions in capital cases Boston Northeastern University Press 1992.
- Convicted but innocent: Wrongful conviction and the criminal justice system Law and Human Behavior 12 283–293 1988.
- Mental illness, police interrogations, and the potential for false confession Law and Psychiatry 55 19–21 2004.
- Mental illness, police interrogations, and the potential for false confession Psychiatric Services 55 19–21 2004.
- Taking responsibility for an act not committed: The influence of age and suggestibility Law and Human Behavior 27 141–156 2003.
- Society and adolescent self-image Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press 1965.
- Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement Psychological Monographs 80 1–28 1966.
- Investigating true and false confessions within a novel experimental paradigm Psychological Science 16 481–486 2005.
- R. v. Oickle,  2 S.C.R. 3.
- A post office robbery involving two validated false confessions: The role of interrogative suggestibility, anxiety, memory disturbance and withdrawal symptoms Journal of Forensic Psychiatry 10 399–415 1999.
- Actual innocence: Five days to execution and other dispatches from the wrongly convicted New York Doubleday 2000.
- Alcohol and drug intoxication during police interrogation and the reasons why suspects confess to the police Addiction 89 985–998 1995.
- Illicit drug use among false confessors A study among Icelandic prison inmates Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 50 325–328 1996a.
- The psychological characteristics of false confessors: A study among Icelandic prison inmates and juvenile offenders Personality and Individual Differences 3 321–329 1996b.
- The criminal history of false confessors and other prison inmates Journal of Forensic Psychiatry 8 447–455 1997.
- False confessions: The relative importance of psychological, criminological and substance abuse variables Psychology, Crime, and Law 7 275–289 2001.
- The ethics of deceptive interrogation Criminal Justice Ethics 11 3–13 1992.
- Suggestibility and confessions American Journal of Forensic Psychology 21 5–23 2003.
- False confessions and police deception American Journal of Forensic Psychology 10 49–66 1992.
- Detecting lies and deceit: The psychology of lying and the implications for professional practice London Wiley 2000.
- Coerced or nonvoluntary confessions Behavioral Sciences and the Law 16 423–440 1998.
- 1970). Evidence. (Vol. 3, revised by J. H.Chadbourne). Boston: Little, Brown. (