The prevalence and predictors of psychological distress in men with prostate cancer who are seeking support
Article first published online: 16 DEC 2010
2003 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Health Psychology
Volume 8, Issue 2, pages 125–134, May 2003
How to Cite
Balderson, N. and Towell, T. (2003), The prevalence and predictors of psychological distress in men with prostate cancer who are seeking support. British Journal of Health Psychology, 8: 125–134. doi: 10.1348/135910703321649114
- Issue published online: 16 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 16 DEC 2010
- Received 18 October 2000; revised version received 8 October 2001
- Cited By
Objective: The incidence of prostate cancer has risen sharply in the last decade, yet knowledge about the psychological health of men with this disease is still limited. A study was therefore undertaken to identify (1) the prevalence of psychological distress in these males, and (2) factors predicting psychological distress.
Design: Retrospective cross-sectional survey design by means of a self-administered questionnaire.
Method: A sample of 94 men with various stages of prostate cancer completed the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy—Prostate Instrument (FACT-P), the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS) and items measuring satisfaction with medical care.
Results: We detected a prevalence rate of 38% of participants reporting psychological distress corresponding to a HADS cut-off score at or above 15. A standard multivariate regression analysis revealed social/family well-being, physical well-being and functional well-being as significant inverse predictors of psychological distress.
Conclusions: Health professionals should be aware of the potential for psychological distress in patients exhibiting poor physical functioning and those with apparent deficits in social or family support in this under-studied group of patients. Strategies for psychosocial intervention are implied.