Relapse prevention in a national smoking cessation contest: Effects of coping planning
Version of Record online: 24 DEC 2010
2008 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Health Psychology
Volume 13, Issue 3, pages 525–535, September 2008
How to Cite
van Osch, L., Lechner, L., Reubsaet, A., Wigger, S. and de Vries, H. (2008), Relapse prevention in a national smoking cessation contest: Effects of coping planning. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13: 525–535. doi: 10.1348/135910707X224504
- Issue online: 24 DEC 2010
- Version of Record online: 24 DEC 2010
- Received 1 February 2007; revised version received 20 June 2007
Objectives The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of a brief coping planning intervention to prevent smoking relapse in the context of a national smoking cessation contest (‘Quit & Win’).
Design A controlled trial with three measurements was used to evaluate the efficacy of the coping planning intervention.
Methods Three on-line surveys were conducted among 1,566 participants in Quit & Win. Contest participants were alternately assigned to a control and planning group, the latter of which completed a planning intervention that included the formation of three coping plans on how to refrain from smoking in personal risk situations.
Results The coping planning intervention increased conservative 7-month continuous abstinence rates from 10.5 to 13.4%, indicating that, if implemented correctly, coping planning can significantly reduce long-term smoking relapse.
Conclusions In addition to growing evidence for the efficacy of self-regulatory planning in the promotion of health behaviour, the results of the present study indicate that planning can also be effective in the prevention of unwanted behaviour. The results may stimulate research and application of coping planning in its current form.