Does hope predict adjustment to end-stage renal failure and consequent dialysis?
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
2008 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Health Psychology
Volume 13, Issue 4, pages 683–699, November 2008
How to Cite
Billington, E., Simpson, J., Unwin, J., Bray, D. and Giles, D. (2008), Does hope predict adjustment to end-stage renal failure and consequent dialysis?. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13: 683–699. doi: 10.1348/135910707X248959
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Received 27 September 2006; revised version received 1 October 2007
Objectives Hope is important in determining positive outcomes in a range of chronic illnesses. This study examined the role of hope in adjustment to end-stage renal failure (ESRF) and consequent dialysis.
Design A cross-sectional design examined the ability of hope to predict adjustment to ESRF over and above other relevant variables.
Methods Individuals receiving dialysis at 4 units in the North-West UK were invited to take part in the study. 103 questionnaire packs were included in the analysis. Multiple regression equations determined whether hope was able to predict significant variance in adjustment over and above that accounted for by other factors (demographic and illness-related factors, perceived control, and social support). Measures of anxiety, depression, and quality of life constituted a multidimensional measure of adjustment to ESRF.
Results Each of the regression models was significant. Hope emerged as an independent significant predictor in five of the multiple regressions: anxiety; depression; effects and symptoms of kidney disease; and mental health quality of life. Age also emerged as an important predictor of outcome.
Conclusions It appears that hope is a significant predictor of adjustment to ESRF. Clinical implications of this research are discussed, along with suggestions for future research.