Seeing the glass half full: Optimistic expressive writing improves mental health among chronically stressed caregivers
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
2008 The British Psychological Society
British Journal of Health Psychology
Volume 13, Issue 1, pages 73–76, February 2008
How to Cite
Mackenzie, C. S., Wiprzycka, U. J., Hasher, L. and Goldstein, D. (2008), Seeing the glass half full: Optimistic expressive writing improves mental health among chronically stressed caregivers. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13: 73–76. doi: 10.1348/135910707X251153
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2010
- Received 19 July 2007; revised version received 1 October 2007
Objectives. This study explored treatment mediators among caregivers of older adults who did not benefit from expressive writing in a recently published randomized clinical trial.
Methods. Twenty-seven expressive writing and time management participants completed questionnaires prior to writing, following their fourth writing session, and 1 month later. We examined the effect of group differences in linguistic markers on health improvements.
Results and conclusions. Our hypothesis concerning narrative development received no support, and expected links between function words and health were partially confirmed. Results most strongly supported the hypothesis that expressive writing benefited caregivers who used increasingly positive, optimistic, and future-focused language.