Post-traumatic growth as outcome of a cognitive-behavioural therapy trial for motor vehicle accident survivors with PTSD
Article first published online: 13 APR 2011
©2010 The British Psychological Society
Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice
Volume 84, Issue 2, pages 201–213, June 2011
How to Cite
Zoellner, T., Rabe, S., Karl, A. and Maercker, A. (2011), Post-traumatic growth as outcome of a cognitive-behavioural therapy trial for motor vehicle accident survivors with PTSD. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theo, Res, Pra, 84: 201–213. doi: 10.1348/147608310X520157
- Issue published online: 13 MAY 2011
- Article first published online: 13 APR 2011
- Received 31 July 2009; revised version received 29 April 2010
Objectives. Treatment effects on post-traumatic growth (PTG) and its subdomains were investigated together with predictors of the Janus-face model of PTG.
Design. Effects were investigated within a randomized controlled trial of cognitive-behavioural theropy (CBT) for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Method. Forty motor vehicle accident survivors were randomly assigned to a treatment or waiting condition. PTG was measured by the Post-traumatic Growth Inventory and complemented by its possible predictors (optimism, openness).
Results. The CBT treatment proved to be highly effective in terms of PTSD symptom reduction. In contrast to previous findings, however, there was no treatment effect on PTG in general. The CBT group showed, however, increases in PTG subdomains ‘new possiblities’ and ‘personal strength’.
Conclusions. The results of this study caution researchers to naively expect PTG as a uniformly positive outcome to evaluate treatment effectiveness.