The role of encoding strategies in the verbal memory performance in patients with schizophrenia
Article first published online: 2 MAR 2011
©2010 The British Psychological Society
Journal of Neuropsychology
Volume 5, Issue 1, pages 56–72, March 2011
How to Cite
Gsottschneider, A., Keller, Z., Pitschel-Walz, G., Froböse, T., Bäuml, J. and Jahn, T. (2011), The role of encoding strategies in the verbal memory performance in patients with schizophrenia. Journal of Neuropsychology, 5: 56–72. doi: 10.1348/174866410X497382
- Issue published online: 2 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 2 MAR 2011
- Received 26 June 2009; revised version received 18 January 2010
Background. Verbal learning and memory is often compromised in patients with schizophrenia who prefer encoding words in order of their presentation (serial clustering) rather than using semantic categories (semantic clustering).
Method. One hundred and four in-patients with schizophrenia were assessed twice with the California Verbal Learning Test.
Results. Patients showed significantly less semantic than serial clustering at both assessment times. Usage of encoding strategies were not stable over time. An increase in semantic clustering improved recall and recognition performance.
Conclusions. Patients with schizophrenia should be taught to use the more effective encoding strategy of semantic clustering in order to improve their memory performance.