• 1
    Siris ES, Chen Y-T, Abbott TA, Barrett-Connor E, Miller PD, Wehren LE, Berger MC 2004 Bone mineral density thresholds for pharmacological intervention to prevent fractures. Arch Intern Med 164:11081112.
  • 2
    Riggs BL, Melton LJ 2002 Bone turnover matters: The raloxifene treatment paradox of dramatic decreases in vertebral fractures without commensurate increases in bone density. J Bone Miner Res 17:1114.
  • 3
    Seeman E 2002 Pathogenesis of bone fragility in women and men. Lancet 359:18411850.
  • 4
    Chevalier F, Laval-Jeantet A, Laval-Jeantet M, Bergot C 1992 CT image analysis of the vertebral trabecular network in vivo. Calcif Tissue Int 51:813.
  • 5
    Link TM, Majumdar S, Lin J, Augat P, Gould R, Newitt D, Ouyang X, Lang T, Mathur A, Genant HK 1998 Assessment of trabecular structure using high-resolution CT images and texture analysis. J Comput Assist Tomogr 22:1524.
  • 6
    Ito M, Ohki M, Hayashi K, Yamada M, Uetani M, Nakamura T 1995 Trabecular texture analysis of CT images in the relationship with spinal fracture. Radiology 194:5559.
  • 7
    Ruegsegger P, Koller B, Mueller R 1996 A microtomographic system for the non-destructive evaluation of bone architecture. Calcif Tissue Int 58:2429.
  • 8
    Mueller R, Hahn M, Vogel M, Delling G, Ruegsegger P 1996 Morphometric analysis of non-invasively assessed bone biopsies: Comparison of high-resolution computed tomography and histologic sections. Bone 18:215220.
  • 9
    Hildebrand T, Ruegsegger P 1997 A new method for the model-independent assessment of thickness in three-dimensional images. J Microsc 185:6775.
  • 10
    Parfitt AM, Drezner MK, Glorieux FH, Kanis JA, Malluche H, Meunier PJ, Ott SM, Recker RR 1987 Bone histomorphometry: Standardization of nomenclature, symbols, and units. Report of the ASBMR Histomorphometry Nomenclature Committee. J Bone Miner Res 2:595610.
  • 11
    Fazzalari NL, Parkinson IH 1996 Fractal dimension and architecture of trabecular bone. J Pathol 178:100105.
  • 12
    Odgaard A, Gundersen HJ 1993 Quantification of connectivity in cancellous bone, with special emphasis on 3-D reconstructions. Bone 14:173182.
  • 13
    Harrigan TP, Mann RW 1984 Characterization of microstructural anisotropy in orthotropic materials using a second rank tensor. J Mater Sci 19:761767.
  • 14
    Genant HK, Wu CY, vanKuijk C, Nevitt M 1994 Vertebral fracture assessment using a semi-quantitative technique. J Bone Miner Res 8:11371148.
  • 15
    Gordon CL, Lang TF, Augat LP, Genant HK 1998 Image-based assessment of spinal trabecular bone structure from high-resolution CT images. Osteoporos Int 8:317.
  • 16
    Link TM, Vieth V, Stehling C, Lotter A, Beer A, Newitt D, Majumdar S 2003 High-resolution MRI vs multislice spiral CT: Which technique depicts the trabecular bone structure best? Eur Radiol 13:663.
  • 17
    Issever AS, Vieth V, Lotter A, Meier N, Laib A, Newitt D, Majumdar S, Link TM 2002 Local differences in the trabecular bone structure of the proximal femur depicted with high-spatial-resolution MR imaging and multisection CT. Acad Radiol 9:1395.
  • 18
    Gordon CL, Webber CE, Christoforou N, Nahmias C 1997 In vivo assessment of trabecular bone structure at the distal radius from high-resolution magnetic resonance images. Med Phys 24:585593.
  • 19
    Majumdar S, Genant HK, Grampp S, Newitt DC, Truong V-H, Lin JC, Mathur A 1997 Correlation of trabecular bone structure with age, bone mineral density and osteoporotic status: In vivo studies in the distal radius using high resolution magnetic resonance imaging. J Bone Miner Res 12:111118.
  • 20
    Link TM, Majumdar S, Augat P, Lin JC, Newitt D, Lu Y, Lane NE, Genant HK 1998 In vivo high resolution MRI of the calcaneus: Differences in trabecular structure in osteoporosis patients. J Bone Miner Res 13:11751182.
  • 21
    Majumdar S, Link TM, Augat P, Lin JC, Newitt D, Lane NE, Genant HK 1999 Trabecular bone architecture in the distal radius using magnetic resonance imaging in subjects with fractures of the proximal femur. Osteoporos Int 10:231239.
  • 22
    Majumdar S, Kothari M, Augat P, Newitt DC, Link TM, Lin JC, Lang T, Lu Y, Genant HK 1998 High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging: Three-dimensional trabecular bone architecture and biomechanical properties. Bone 22:445454.
  • 23
    Majumdar S, Newitt D, Mathur A, Osman D, Gies A, Chiu E, Lotz J, Kinney J, Genant H 1996 Magnetic resonance imaging of trabecular bone structure in the distal radius: Relationship with X-ray tomographic microscopy and biomechanics. Osteoporos Int 6:376385.
  • 24
    Wehrli F, Hwang S, Ma J, Song H, Ford J, Haddad J 1998 Cancellous bone volume and structure in the forearm: Noninvasive assessment with MR microimaging and image processing. Radiology 206:347357.
  • 25
    Lin J, Amling M, Newitt D, Selby K, Delling G, Genant H, Majumdar S 1996 Heterogeneity of trabecular bone structure in the calcaneus using high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Osteoporos Int 8:1624.
  • 26
    Link T, Majumdar S, Lin J, Newitt D, Augat P, Ouyang X, Mathur A, Genant H 1998 A comparative study of trabecular bone properties in the spine and femur using high resolution MRI and CT. J Bone Miner Res 13:122132.
  • 27
    Kuehn B, Stampa B, Heller M, Glueer C 1997 In vivo assessment of trabecular bone structure of the human phalanges using high resolution magnetic resonance imaging. Osteoporos Int 7:291.
  • 28
    Ross PD, Genant HK, Davis JW, Miller PD, Wasnich RD 1993 Predicting vertebral fracture incidence from prevalent fractures and bone density among non-black, osteoporotic women. Osteoporos Int 3:120126.
  • 29
    Njeh CF, Fuerst T, Hans D, Blake GM, Genant HK 1999 Radiation exposure in bone mineral density assessment. Appl Radiat Isot 50:215.
  • 30
    Thornton FJ, Paulson EK, Yoshizumi TT, Frush DP, Nelson RC 2003 Single versus multi-detector row CT: Comparison of radiation doses and dose profiles. Acad Radiol 10:379.
  • 31
    Van Rietbergen B, Weinans H, Huiskes R, Odgaard A 1995 A new method to determine trabecular bone elastic properties and loading using micromechanical finite-element models. J Biomech 28:6981.
  • 32
    Ito M, Nishida A, Koga A, Ikeda S, Shiraishi A, Uetani M, Hayashi K, Nakamura T 2002 Contribution of trabecular and cortical components to the mechanical properties of bone and their regulating parameters. Bone 31:351358.