SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Landin LA 1983 Fracture patterns in children. Analysis of 8,682 fractures with special reference to incidence, etiology and secular changes in a Swedish urban population 1950-1979. Acta Orthop Scand Suppl 202: 1109.
  • 2
    Tiderius CJ, Landin L, Duppe H 1999 Decreasing incidence of fractures in children: An epidemiological analysis of 1,673 fractures in Malmo, Sweden, 1993-1994. Acta Orthop Scand 70: 622626.
  • 3
    Jones IE, Williams SM, Dow N, Goulding A 2002 How many children remain fracture-free during growth? a longitudinal study of children and adolescents participating in the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study. Osteoporos Int 13: 990995.
  • 4
    Cooper C, Dennison EM, Leufkens H, Bishop N, Van Staa T 2004 Epidemiology of childhood fractures in Britain: A study using the general practice research database. J Bone Miner Res 19: 19761981.
    Direct Link:
  • 5
    Goulding A, Jones IE, Taylor RW, Manning PJ, Williams SM 2000 More broken bones: A 4-year double cohort study of young girls with and without distal forearm fractures. J Bone Miner Res 15: 20112018.
  • 6
    Khosla S, Melton LJ III, Dekutoski MB, Achenbach SJ, Oberg AL, Riggs BL 2003 Incidence of childhood distal forearm fractures over 30 years: A population-based study. JAMA 290: 14791485.
  • 7
    Hinton RY, Lincoln A, Crockett MM, Sponseller P, Smith G 1999 Fractures of the femoral shaft in children. Incidence, mechanisms, and sociodemographic risk factors. J Bone Joint Surg Am 81: 500509.
  • 8
    Bonjour JP, Theintz G, Law F, Slosman D, Rizzoli R 1994 Peak bone mass. Osteoporos Int 4(Suppl 1): 713.
  • 9
    Bailey DA, Wedge JH, McCulloch RG, Martin AD, Bernhardson SC 1989 Epidemiology of fractures of the distal end of the radius in children as associated with growth. J Bone Joint Surg Am 71: 12251231.
  • 10
    Fournier PE, Rizzoli R, Slosman DO, Theintz G, Bonjour JP 1997 Asynchrony between the rates of standing height gain and bone mass accumulation during puberty. Osteoporos Int 7: 525532.
  • 11
    McKay HA, Bailey DA, Mirwald RL, Davison KS, Faulkner RA 1998 Peak bone mineral accrual and age at menarche in adolescent girls: A 6-year longitudinal study. J Pediatr 133: 682687.
  • 12
    Chan GM, Hess M, Hollis J, Book LS 1984 Bone mineral status in childhood accidental fractures. Am J Dis Child 138: 569570.
  • 13
    Landin L, Nilsson BE 1983 Bone mineral content in children with fractures. Clin Orthop 178: 292296.
  • 14
    Goulding A, Cannan R, Williams SM, Gold EJ, Taylor RW, Lewis-Barned NJ 1998 Bone mineral density in girls with forearm fractures. J Bone Miner Res 13: 143148.
  • 15
    Goulding A, Jones IE, Taylor RW, Williams SM, Manning PJ 2001 Bone mineral density and body composition in boys with distal forearm fractures: A dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry study. J Pediatr 139: 509515.
  • 16
    Ferrari S, Rizzoli R, Slosman D, Bonjour JP 1998 Familial resemblance for bone mineral mass is expressed before puberty. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 83: 358361.
  • 17
    Rizzoli R, Bonjour JP 1999 Determinants of peak bone mass and mechanisms of bone loss. Osteoporos Int 9(Suppl 2):S17-S23.
  • 18
    Bonjour JP, Carrie AL, Ferrari S, Clavien H, Slosman D, Theintz G, Rizzoli R 1997 Calcium-enriched foods and bone mass growth in prepubertal girls: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Clin Invest 99: 12871294.
  • 19
    Bonjour JP, Chevalley T, Ammann P, Slosman D, Rizzoli R 2001 Gain in bone mineral mass in prepubertal girls 3.5 years after discontinuation of calcium supplementation: A follow-up study. Lancet 358: 12081212.
  • 20
    Chevalley T, Rizzoli R, Hans D, Ferrari S, Bonjour J-P 2005 Interaction betwen calcium intake and menarcheal age on bone mass gain: An 8-year follow-up study from pre-pubertly to post-menarche. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 90: 4451.
  • 21
    Carter DR, Bouxsein ML, Marcus R 1992 New approaches for interpreting projected bone densitometry data. J Bone Miner Res 7: 137145.
  • 22
    Dawson-Saunders B, Trapp GR 1994 Basic and Clinical Biostatistics. Appleton and Lange, Norwalk, CT, USA.
  • 23
    Seeman E, Hopper JL, Bach LA, Cooper ME, Parkinson E, McKay J, Jerums G 1989 Reduced bone mass in daughters of women with osteoporosis. N Engl J Med 320: 554558.
  • 24
    Eisman JA 1999 Genetics of osteoporosis. Endocr Rev 20: 788804.
  • 25
    Jones IE, Taylor RW, Williams SM, Manning PJ, Goulding A 2002 Four-year gain in bone mineral in girls with and without past forearm fractures: A DXA study. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. J Bone Miner Res 17: 10651072.
  • 26
    Ma DQ, Jones G 2002 Clinical risk factors but not bone density are associated with prevalent fractures in prepubertal children. J Paediatr Child Health 38: 497500.
  • 27
    Skaggs DL, Loro ML, Pitukcheewanont P, Tolo V, Gilsanz V 2001 Increased body weight and decreased radial cross-sectional dimensions in girls with forearm fractures. J Bone Miner Res 16: 13371342.
  • 28
    Kanis JA 1994 Calcium nutrition and its implications for osteoporosis. Part I. Children and healthy adults. Eur J Clin Nutr 48: 757767.
  • 29
    Wang MC, Crawford PB, Hudes M, Van Loan M, Siemering K, Bachrach LK 2003 Diet in midpuberty and sedentary activity in prepuberty predict peak bone mass. Am J Clin Nutr 77: 495503.
  • 30
    Lloyd T, Petit MA, Lin HM, Beck TJ 2004 Lifestyle factors and the development of bone mass and bone strength in young women. J Pediatr 144: 776782.
  • 31
    Lloyd T, Martel JK, Rollings N, Andon MB, Kulin H, Demers LM, Eggli DF, Kieselhorst K, Chinchilli VM 1996 The effect of calcium supplementation and Tanner stage on bone density, content and area in teenage women. Osteoporos Int 6: 276283.
  • 32
    Nowson CA, Green RM, Hopper JL, Sherwin AJ, Young D, Kaymakci B, Guest CS, Smid M, Larkins RG, Wark JD 1997 A co-twin study of the effect of calcium supplementation on bone density during adolescence. Osteoporos Int 7: 219225.
  • 33
    Dibba B, Prentice A, Ceesay M, Stirling DM, Cole TJ, Poskitt EM 2000 Effect of calcium supplementation on bone mineral accretion in gambian children accustomed to a low-calcium diet. Am J Clin Nutr 71: 544549.
  • 34
    Cameron MA, Paton LM, Nowson CA, Margerison C, Frame M, Wark JD 2004 The effect of calcium supplementation on bone density in premenarcheal females: A co-twin approach. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89: 49164922.
  • 35
    Matkovic V, Goel PK, Badenhop-Stevens NE, Landoll JD, Li B, Ilich JZ, Skugor M, Nagode LA, Mobley SL, Ha EJ, Hangartner TN, Clairmont A 2005 Calcium supplementation and bone mineral density in females from childhood to young adulthood: A randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr 81: 175188.
  • 36
    Goulding A, Rockell JE, Black RE, Grant AM, Jones IE, Williams SM 2004 Children who avoid drinking cow's milk are at increased risk for prepubertal bone fractures. J Am Diet Assoc 104: 250253.
  • 37
    Rizzoli R, Bonjour JP 2004 Dietary protein and bone health. J Bone Miner Res 19: 527531.
  • 38
    Chen Z, Kooperberg C, Pettinger MB, Bassford T, Cauley JA, LaCroix AZ, Lewis CE, Kipersztok S, Borne C, Jackson RD 2004 Validity of self-report for fractures among a multiethnic cohort of postmenopausal women: Results from the Women's Health Initiative observational study and clinical trials. Menopause 11: 264274.
  • 39
    Gilsanz V, Kovanlikaya A, Costin G, Roe TF, Sayre J, Kaufman F 1997 Differential effect of gender on the sizes of the bones in the axial and appendicular skeletons. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 82: 16031607.
  • 40
    Loro ML, Sayre J, Roe TF, Goran MI, Kaufman FR, Gilsanz V 2000 Early identification of children predisposed to low peak bone mass and osteoporosis later in life. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 85: 39083918.
  • 41
    Cumming RG, Nevitt MC 1997 Calcium for prevention of osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women. J Bone Miner Res 12: 13211329.