SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Lindberg JS, Moe SM 1999 Osteoporosis in end-state renal disease. Semin Nephrol 19: 115122.
  • 2
    Atsumi K, Kushida K, Yamazaki K, Shimizu S, Ohmura A, Inoue T 1999 Risk factors for vertebral fractures in renal osteodystrophy. Am J Kidney Dis 33: 287293.
  • 3
    Chan YL, Furlong TJ, Cornish CJ, Posen S 1985 Dialysis osteodystrophy. A study involving 94 patients. Medicine (Baltimore) 64: 296309.
  • 4
    Schaab PC, Murphy G, Tzamaloukas AH, Hays MB, Merlin TL, Eisenberg B, Avasthi PS, Worrell RV 1990 Femoral neck fractures in patients receiving long-term dialysis. Clin Orthop 260:224231.
  • 5
    Malluche HH, Faugere MC 1989 Renal osteodystrophy. N Engl J Med 321: 317318.
  • 6
    Vonesh EF, Moran J 1999 Mortality in end-stage renal disease: A reassessment of differences between patients treated with hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. J Am Soc Nephrol 10: 354365.
  • 7
    Eknoyan G 1999 Cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in dialysis patients. Miner Electrolyte Metab 25: 100104.
  • 8
    Jamal S, Chase C, Goh Y, Richardson R, Hawker G 2002 Bone density and heel ultrasound testing do not identify patients with dialysis-dependent renal failure who have had fractures. Am J Kidney Dis 39: 843849.
  • 9
    Yamaguchi T, Kanno E, Tsubota J, Shiomi T, Nakai M, Hattori S 1996 Retrospective study on the usefulness of radius and lumbar bone density in the separation of hemodialysis patients with fractures from those without fractures. Bone 19: 549555.
  • 10
    Kaji H, Suzuki M, Yano S, Sugimoto T, Chihara K, Hattori S, Sekita K 2002 Risk factors for hip fracture in hemodialysis patients. Am J Nephrol 22: 325331.
  • 11
    Inaba M, Okuno S, Kumeda Y, Yamakawa T, Ishimura E, Nishizawa Y 2005 Increased incidence of vertebral fracture in older female hemodialyzed patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Calcif Tissue Int 76: 256260.
  • 12
    Negri AL, Barone R, Quiroga MA, Bravo M, Marino A, Fradinger E, Bogado CE, Zanchetta JR 2004 Bone mineral density: Serum markers of bone turnover and their relationships in peritoneal dialysis. Perit Dial Int 24: 163168.
  • 13
    Zayour D, Daouk M, Medawar W, Salamoun M, Fuleihan GE 2004 Predictors of bone mineral density in patients on hemodialysis. Transplantation 36: 12971301.
  • 14
    Gerakis A, Hadjidakis D, Kokkinakis E, Apostolou T, Raptis S, Billis A 2000 Correlation of bone mineral density with the histological findings of renal osteodystrophy in patients on hemodialysis. J Nephrol 13: 437443.
  • 15
    Taal MW, Masud T, Green D, Cassidy MJ 1999 Risk factors for reduced bone density in haemodialysis patients. Nephrol Dial Transplant 14: 19221928.
  • 16
    Urena P, Bernard-Poenaru O, Ostertag A, Baudoin C, Cohen-Solal M, Cantor T, de Veinejoul MC 2003 Bone mineral density, biochemical markers and skeletal fractures in haemodialysis patients. Nephrol Dial Transplant 18: 23252331.
  • 17
    Fontaine MA, Albert A, Dubois B, Saint-Remy A, Rorive G 2000 Fracture and bone mineral density in hemodialysis patients. Clin Nephrol 54: 218226.
  • 18
    Piraino B, Chen T, Cooperstein L, Segre G, Puschett J 1988 Fractures and vertebral bone mineral density in patients with renal osteodystrophy. Clin Nephrol 30: 5762.
  • 19
    Parfitt AM 1998 A structural approach to renal bone disease. J Bone Miner Res 13: 12131220.
  • 20
    Parfitt AM 2003 Renal bone disease: A new conceptual framework for the interpretation of bone histomorphometry. Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens 12: 387403.
  • 21
    Sherrard DJ, Ott SM, Maloney NA, Andress DL, Coburn JW 1983 Renal osteodystrophy: Classification, cause and treatment. FrameB, PottsJTJ (eds.) Clinical Disorders of Bone and Mineral Metabolism. Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 254258.
  • 22
    Sherrard DJ, Hercz G, Pei Y, Maloney NA, Greenwood C, Manuel A, Saiphoo C, Fenton SS, Segre GV 1993 The spectrum of bone disease in end-stage renal failure—an evolving disorder. Kidney Int 43: 436442.
  • 23
    Chen Q, Kaji H, Iu M, Nomura R, Sowa H, Yamauchi M, Tsukamoto T, Sugimoto T, Chihara K 2003 Effects of an excess and a deficiency of endogenous parathyroid hormone on volumetric bone mineral density and bone geometry determined by peripheral quantitative computed tomography in female subjects. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88: 46554658.
  • 24
    Duan Y, De Luca V, Seeman E 1999 Parathyroid hormone deficiency and excess: Similar effects on trabecular bone but differing effects on cortical bone. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 84: 718722.
  • 25
    Russo C, Taccetti G, Caneva P, Mannarino A, Maranghi P, Ricca M 1998 Volumetric bone density and geometry assessed by peripheral quantitative computed tomography in uremic patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Osteoporos Int 8: 443448.
  • 26
    Hasegawa K, Hasegawa Y, Nagano A 2004 Estimation of bone mineral density and architectural parameters of the distal radius in hemodialysis patients using peripheral quantitative computed tomography. J Biomech 37: 751756.
  • 27
    Tsurusaki K, Ito M, Hayashi K 2000 Differential effects of menopause and metabolic bone disease on trabecular and cortical bone assessed by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). Br J Radiol 73: 1422.
  • 28
    World Health Organization 1994 Assessment of Osteoporotic Fracture Risk and Its Role in Screening for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.
  • 29
    Black DM, Palermo L, Nevitt MC, Genant HK, Christensen L, Cummings SR 1999 Defining incident vertebral deformity: A prospective comparison of several approaches. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Bone Miner Res 14: 90101.
  • 30
    Louis O, Boulpaep F, Willnecker J, Van Den Winkel P, Osteaux M 1995 Cortical mineral content of the radius assessed by peripheral QCT predicts compressive strength on biomechanical testing. Bone 16: 375379.
  • 31
    Louis O, Willnecker J, Soykens S, Van den Winkel P, Osteaux M 1995 Cortical thickness assessed by peripheral quantitative computed tomography: Accuracy evaluated on radius specimens. Osteoporos Int 5: 446449.
  • 32
    Hanley JA, McNeil BJ 1983 A method of comparing the areas under receiver operating characteristic curves derived from the same cases. Radiology 148: 839843.
  • 33
    McClish DK 1987 Comparing the areas under more than two independent ROC curves. Med Decis Making 7: 149155.
  • 34
    Jamal S, McFarlane P, Pearce D, Jassal V 2004 Assessing fracture risk in patients with renal failure. J Bone Miner Res 19: S471.
  • 35
    Nakai T, Masuhara K, Kanbara N 2001 Hip arthropathy associated with hemodialysis. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 121: 365367.
  • 36
    Nakai T, Masuhara K, Kanbara N 2004 Hip arthropathy in long-term (20 years or more) hemodialysis patients. Dial Transplant 33: 486491.
  • 37
    Block G, Klassen P, Lazarus J, Ofsthun N, Lowrie E, Chertow G 2004 Mineral metabolism, mortality, and morbidity in maintenance hemodialysis. J Am Soc Nephrol 15: 22082218.
  • 38
    Coco M, Rush H 2000 Increased incidence of hip fractures in dialysis patients with low serum parathyroid hormone. Am J Kidney Dis 36: 11151121.