SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Kanis JA 2002 Diagnosis of osteoporosis and assessment of fracture risk. Lancet 359: 19291936.
  • 2
    Schuit SC, van der Klift M, Weel AE, de Laet CE, Burger H, Seeman E, Hofman A, Uitterlinden AG, van Leeuwen JP, Pols HA 2004 Fracture incidence and association with bone mineral density in elderly men and women: The Rotterdam Study. Bone 34: 195202.
  • 3
    Robbins JA, Schott AM, Garnero P, Delmas PD, Hans D, Meunier PJ 2005 Risk factors for hip fracture in women with high BMD: EPIDOS study. Osteoporos Int 16: 149154.
  • 4
    Alonso CG, Curiel MD, Carranza FH, Cano RP, Perez AD 2000 Femoral bone mineral density, neck-shaft angle and mean femoral neck width as predictors of hip fracture in men and women. Multicenter Project for Research in Osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int 11: 714720.
  • 5
    Partanen J, Jämsä T, Jalovaara P 2001 Influence of the upper femur and pelvic geometry on the risk and type of hip fractures. J Bone Miner Res 16: 15401546.
  • 6
    Gnudi S, Ripamonti C, Lisi L, Fini M, Giardino R, Giavaresi G 2002 Proximal femur geometry to detect and distinguish femoral neck fractures from trochanteric fractures in postmenopausal women. Osteoporos Int 13: 6973.
  • 7
    Partanen J, Heikkinen J, Jämsä T, Jalovaara P 2002 Characteristics of lifetime factors, bone metabolism, and bone mineral density in patients with hip fracture. J Bone Miner Metab 20: 367375.
  • 8
    Korpelainen R, Korpelainen J, Heikkinen J, Väänänen K, Keinänen-Kiukaanniemi S 2003 Lifestyle factors are associated with osteoporosis in lean women but not in normal and overweight women: A population-based cohort study of 1222 women. Osteoporos Int 14: 3443.
  • 9
    Gnudi S, Malavolta N, Testi D, Viceconti M 2004 Differences in proximal femur geometry distinguish vertebral from femoral neck fractures in osteoporotic women. Br J Radiol 77: 219223.
  • 10
    Pulkkinen P, Partanen J, Jalovaara P, Jämsä T 2004 Combination of bone mineral density and upper femur geometry improves the prediction of hip fracture. Osteoporos Int 15: 274280.
  • 11
    Duboeuf F, Hans D, Schott AM, Kotzki PO, Favier F, Marcelli C, Meunier PJ, Delmas PD 1997 Different morphometric and densitometric parameters predict cervical and trochanteric hip fracture: The EPIDOS Study. J Bone Miner Res 12: 18951902.
  • 12
    Cody DD, Divine GW, Nahigian K, Kleerekoper M 2000 Bone density distribution and gender dominate femoral neck fracture risk predictors. Skeletal Radiol 29: 151161.
  • 13
    Lofman O, Berglund K, Larsson L, Toss G 2002 Changes in hip fracture epidemiology: Redistribution between ages, genders and fracture types. Osteoporos Int 13: 1825.
  • 14
    Kannus P, Parkkari J, Sievänen H, Heinonen A, Vuori I, Järvinen M 1996 Epidemiology of hip fractures. Bone 18: 57S63S.
  • 15
    Eckstein F, Wunderer C, Boehm H, Kuhn V, Priemel M, Link TM, Lochmüller EM 2004 Reproducibility and side differences of mechanical tests for determining the structural strength of the proximal femur. J Bone Miner Res 19: 379385.
  • 16
    Eckstein F, Lochmüller EM, Lill CA, Kuhn V, Schneider E, Delling G, Muller R 2002 Bone strength at clinically relevant sites displays substantial heterogeneity and is best predicted from site-specific bone densitometry. J Bone Miner Res 17: 162171.
  • 17
    Lochmüller EM, Groll O, Kuhn V, Eckstein F 2002 Mechanical strength of the proximal femur as predicted from geometric and densitometric bone properties at the lower limb versus the distal radius. Bone 30: 207216.
  • 18
    Lochmüller EM, Muller R, Kuhn V, Lill CA, Eckstein F 2003 Can novel clinical densitometric techniques replace or improve DXA in predicting bone strength in osteoporosis at the hip and other skeletal sites? J Bone Miner Res 18: 906912.
  • 19
    Baudoin C, Fardellone P, Sebert JL 1993 Effect of sex and age on the ratio of cervical to trochanteric hip fracture. A meta-analysis of 16 reports on 36,451 cases. Acta Orthop Scand 64: 647653.
  • 20
    Dargent-Molina P, Favier F, Grandjean H, Baudoin C, Schott AM, Hausherr E, Meunier PJ, Breart G 1996 Fall-related factors and risk of hip fracture: The EPIDOS prospective study. Lancet 348: 145149.
  • 21
    Wei TS, Hu CH, Wang SH, Hwang KL 2001 Fall characteristics, functional mobility and bone mineral density as risk factors of hip fracture in the community-dwelling ambulatory elderly. Osteoporos Int 12: 10501055.
  • 22
    Kaptoge S, Benevolenskaya LI, Bhalla AK, Cannata JB, Boonen S, Falch JA, Felsenberg D, Finn JD, Nuti R, Hoszowski K, Lorenc R, Miazgowski T, Jajic I, Lyritis G, Masaryk P, Naves-Diaz M, Poor G, Reid DM, Scheidt-Nave C, Stepan JJ, Todd CJ, Weber K, Woolf AD, Roy DK, Lunt M, Pye SR, Oneill TW, Silman AJ, Reeve J 2005 Low BMD is less predictive than reported falls for future limb fractures in women across Europe: Results from the European Prospective Osteoporosis Study. Bone 36: 387398.
  • 23
    Hayes WC, Myers ER, Morris JN, Gerhart TN, Yett HS, Lipsitz LA 1993 Impact near the hip dominates fracture risk in elderly nursing home residents who fall. Calcif Tissue Int 52: 192198.
  • 24
    Robinovitch SN, Inkster L, Maurer J, Warnick B 2003 Strategies for avoiding hip impact during sideways falls. J Bone Miner Res 18: 12671273.
  • 25
    Nevitt MC, Cummings SR 1993 Type of fall and risk of hip and wrist fractures: The study of osteoporotic fractures. The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. J Am Geriatr Soc 41: 12261234.
  • 26
    Schwartz AV, Kelsey JL, Sidney S, Grisso JA 1998 Characteristics of falls and risk of hip fracture in elderly men. Osteoporos Int 8: 240246.
  • 27
    Pinilla TP, Boardman KC, Bouxsein ML, Myers ER, Hayes WC 1996 Impact direction from a fall influences the failure load of the proximal femur as much as age-related bone loss. Calcif Tissue Int 58: 231235.
  • 28
    Cheng XG, Lowet G, Boonen S, Nicholson PH, Brys P, Nijs J, Dequeker J 1997 Assessment of the strength of proximal femur in vitro: Relationship to femoral bone mineral density and femoral geometry. Bone 20: 213218.
  • 29
    Karlsson KM, Sernbo I, Obrant KJ, Redlund-Johnell I, Johnell O 1996 Femoral neck geometry and radiographic signs of osteoporosis as predictors of hip fracture. Bone 18: 327330.
  • 30
    Center JR, Nguyen TV, Pocock NA, Noakes KA, Kelly PJ, Eisman JA, Sambrook PN 1998 Femoral neck axis length, height loss and risk of hip fracture in males and females. Osteoporos Int 8: 7581.
  • 31
    Kukla C, Gaebler C, Pichl RW, Prokesch R, Heinze G, Heinz T 2002 Predictive geometric factors in a standardized model of femoral neck fracture. Experimental study of cadaveric human femurs. Injury 33: 427433.
  • 32
    Bergot C, Bousson V, Meunier A, Laval-Jeantet M, Laredo JD 2002 Hip fracture risk and proximal femur geometry from DXA scans. Osteoporos Int 13: 542550.
  • 33
    Duan Y, Beck TJ, Wang XF, Seeman E 2003 Structural and biomechanical basis of sexual dimorphism in femoral neck fragility has its origins in growth and aging. J Bone Miner Res 18: 17661774.
  • 34
    Riggs BL, Melton LJ III, Robb RA, Camp JJ, Atkinson EJ, Peterson JM, Rouleau PA, McCollough CH, Bouxsein ML, Khosla S 2004 Population-based study of age and sex differences in bone volumetric density, size, geometry, and structure at different skeletal sites. J Bone Miner Res 19: 19451954.
    Direct Link:
  • 35
    Szulc P, Duboeuf F, Schott AM, Dargent-Molina P, Meunier PJ, Delmas PD 2006 Structural determinants of hip fracture in elderly women: Re-analysis of the data from the EPIDOS study. Osteoporos Int 17: 231236.