• 1
    Johnell O, Kanis JA. An estimate of the worldwide prevalence and disability associated with osteoporotic fractures. Osteoporos Int. 2006; 17: 17261733.
  • 2
    Melton LJ III. Epidemiology worldwide. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 2003; 32: 113.
  • 3
    Kanis JA, Oden A, Johnell O, Jonsson B, De Laet C, Dawson A. The burden of osteoporotic fractures: a method for setting intervention thresholds. Osteoporos Int. 2001; 12: 417427.
  • 4
    Kanis JA, Borgstrom F, De Laet C, et al. Assessment of fracture risk. Osteoporos Int. 2005; 16: 581589.
  • 5
    Kanis JA, Johnell O, Oden A, Johansson H, McCloskey E. FRAX and the assessment of fracture probability in men and women from the UK. Osteoporos Int. 2008; 19: 385397.
  • 6
    Kanis JA, Johnell O, De Laet C, Jonsson B, Oden A, Ogelsby AK. International variations in hip fracture probabilities: implications for risk assessment. J Bone Miner Res. 2002; 17: 12371244.
  • 7
    Kanis JA, Johnell O, Oden A, et al. Long-term risk of osteoporotic fracture in Malmo. Osteoporos Int. 2000; 11: 669674.
  • 8
    Kanis JA, Johnell O, Oden A, Dawson A, De Laet C, Jonsson B. Ten year probabilities of osteoporotic fractures according to BMD and diagnostic thresholds. Osteoporos Int. 2001; 12: 989995.
  • 9
    Singer BR, McLauchlan GJ, Robinson CM, Christie J. Epidemiology of fractures in 15,000 adults: the influence of age and gender. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1998; 80: 243248.
  • 10
    van Staa TP, Dennison EM, Leufkens HG, Cooper C. Epidemiology of fractures in England and Wales. Bone. 2001; 29: 517522.
  • 11
    Johnell O, Kanis JA, Oden A, et al. Predictive value of BMD for hip and other fractures. J Bone Miner Res. 2005; 20: 11851194.
  • 12
    Leslie WD, Metge C. Establishing a regional bone density program: lessons from the Manitoba experience. J Clin Densitom. 2003; 6: 275282.
  • 13
    Leslie WD, Caetano PA, MacWilliam LR, Finlayson GS. Construction and validation of a population-based bone densitometry database. J Clin Densitom. 2005; 8: 2530.
  • 14
    Leslie WD, Ward LM. Bone density monitoring with the total hip site: time for a re-evaluation? J Clin Densitom. 2004; 7: 269274.
  • 15
    Leslie WD, Tsang JF, Caetano PA, Lix LM. Effectiveness of bone density measurement for predicting osteoporotic fractures in clinical practice. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007; 92: 7781.
  • 16
    Nevitt MC, Ettinger B, Black DM, et al. The association of radiographically detected vertebral fractures with back pain and function: a prospective study. Ann Intern Med. 1998; 128: 793800.