SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Burr DB, Milgrom C, Fyhrie D, Forwood M, Nyska M, Finestone A, Hoshaw S, Saiag E, Simkin A 1996 In vivo measurement of human tibial strains during vigorous activity Bone 18:405410.
  • 2
    Judex S, Gross TS, Zernicke RF 1997 Adaptation of bone to physiological stimuli J Biomech 30:421429.
  • 3
    Rubin CT, Lanyon LE 1982 Limb mechanics as a function of speed and gait J Exp Biol 101:187211.
  • 4
    Haapasalo H, Kannus P, Sievanen H, Heinonen A, Oja P, Vuori I 1994 Long-term unilateral loading and bone mineral density and content in female squash players Calcif Tissue Int 54:249255.
  • 5
    Jones HH, Priest JD, Hayes WC, Tichenor CC, Nagel A 1977 Humeral hypertrophy in response to exercise J Bone Joint Surg Am 59:204208.
  • 6
    Dalen N, Olssen KE 1974 Bone mineral content and physical activity Acta Orthop Scand 45:170174.
  • 7
    Heinonen A, Sievanen H, Kannus P, Oja P, Vuori I 1996 Effects of unilateral strength training and detraining on bone mineral mass and estimated mechanical characteristics of the upper limb bones in young women J Bone Miner Res 11:490501.
  • 8
    Williams JA, Wagner J, Wasnich R, Heilbrun L 1984 The effect of long-distance running upon appendicular bone mineral content Med Sci Sports Exerc 16:223227.
  • 9
    Rubin CT, Lanyon LE 1985 Regulation of bone mass by mechanical strain magnitude Calcif Tissue Int 37:411417.
  • 10
    McLeod KJ, Gross TS, Rubin CT, 1997 Dependence of bone formation and resorption processes on the frequency of mechanical loading. J Biomech (in press).
  • 11
    Carter DR 1987 Mechanical loading history and skeletal biology J Biomech 20:10951109.
  • 12
    O'Connor JA, Lanyon LE 1982 The influence of strain rate on adaptive bone remodelling J Biomech 15:767781.
  • 13
    Fyhrie DP, Carter DR 1986 A unifying principle relating stress to trabecular bone morphology J Orthop Res 4:304317.
  • 14
    Gross TS, Edwards JL, McLeod KJ, Rubin CT 1997 Strain gradients correlate with sites of periosteal bone formation J Bone Miner Res 12:982988.
  • 15
    Qin YX, Otter MW, Rubin CT, McLeod KJ 1997 Correlation of dilatational strain gradients to fluid flow and streaming potentials in an in vivo animal model Trans ORS 43:112 (abstract).
  • 16
    Loitz BJ, Zernicke RF 1992 Strenuous exercise-induced remodelling of mature bone: Relationship between in vivo strains and bone mechanics J Exp Biol 170:118.
  • 17
    Matsuda JJ, Zernicke RF, Vailas AC, Pedrini VA, Pedrini-Mille A, Maynard JA 1986 Structural and mechanical adaptation of immature bone to strenuous exercise J Appl Physiol 60:20282034.
  • 18
    Rybicki EF, Simonen FA, Mills EJ, Hassler CR, Scoles P, Milne D, Weis EB 1974 Mathematical and experimental studies on the mechanics of plated transverse fractures J Biomech 7:377384.
  • 19
    Brown TD, Pederson DR, Gray ML, Brand RA, Rubin CT 1990 Toward an identification of mechanical parameters initiating periosteal remodeling: A combined experimental and analytical approach J Biomech 23:893905.
  • 20
    Gross TS, McLeod KJ, Rubin CT 1992 Characterizing bone strain distributions in vivo using three triple rosette strain gages J Biomech 25:10811087.
  • 21
    Mosley JR, March BM, Lynch J, Lanyon LE 1997 Strain magnitude related changes in whole bone architecture in growing rats Bone 20:191198.
  • 22
    Lanyon LE 1987 Functional strain in bone tissue as an objective, and controlling stimulus for adaptive bone remodeling J Biomech 20:10831093.
  • 23
    Bertram JEA, Biewener AA 1988 Bone curvature: Sacrificing strength for load predictability? J Theor Biol 131:7592.
  • 24
    Weinbaum S, Cowin SC, Zeng Y 1994 A model for the excitation of osteocytes by mechanical loading-induced bone fluid shear stresses J Biomech 27:339360.
  • 25
    Gross D, Williams WS 1983 Streaming potential and the electromechanical response of physiologically moist bone J Biomech 15:187196.
  • 26
    Reich KM, Gay CV, Frangos JA 1990 Fluid shear stress as a mediator of osteoblast cyclic adenosine monophosphate production J Cell Physiol 143:100104.
  • 27
    Roer RD, Dillaman RM 1990 Bone growth and calcium balance during simulated weightlessness in the rat J Appl Physiol 68:1320.
  • 28
    Turner CH, Forwood MR, Otter MW 1994 Mechanotransduction in bone: Do bone cells act as sensors of fluid flow? FASEB J 8:875878.
  • 29
    Klein-Nulend J, van der Plas A, Semeins CM, Ajubi NE, Frangos JA, Nijweide PJ, Burger EH 1995 Sensitivity of osteocytes to biomechanical stress in vitro FASEB J 9:441445.
  • 30
    Hegedus DH, Cowin SC 1976 Bone remodeling II: Small strain adaptive elasticity J Elasticity 6:337352.
  • 31
    Pead MJ, Lanyon LE 1990 Adaptive remodeling in bone: Torsion versus compression Trans ORS 15:104 (abstract).
  • 32
    Rubin CT, Gross TS, Qin Y-X, Fritton S, Guilak F, McLeod KJ 1996 Differentiation of the bone-tissue remodeling response to axial and torsional loading in the turkey ulna J Bone Joint Surg 78A:15231533.
  • 33
    Salzstein RA, Pollack RP, Mak AFT, Petrov N 1987 Electromechanical potentials in cortical bone—I. A continuum approach J Biomech 20:261270.
  • 34
    Hert J, Liskova M, Landa J 1971 Reaction of bone to mechanical stimuli. Part 1. Continuous and intermittent loading of tibia in rabbit Folia Morphol 19:290317.
  • 35
    Rubin CT, Lanyon LE 1984 Regulation of bone formation by applied dynamic loads J Bone Joint Surg 66A:397402.
  • 36
    Koniecziynski DD, Truty MJ, Biewener AA 1997 An evaluation of a bone's 24-hour loading history for physical exercise versus background loading (abstract) Trans ORS 43:109.
  • 37
    Singh S, Saha S 1984 Electrical properties of bone Clin Orthop 186:249271.
  • 38
    MacGinitie LA, Stanley GD, Bieber WA, Wu DD 1996 Streaming potentials depend on bone structure and loading orientation (abstract) Trans ORS 42:596.
  • 39
    Gleeson PB, Protas EJ, LeBlanc AD, Schneider VS, Evans HJ 1990 Effects of weightlifting on BMD in premenopausal women J Bone Miner Res 5:153158.
  • 40
    Bourrin S, Zerath E, Vico L, Milhaud C, Alexandre C 1992 Bone mass and bone cellular variations after five months of physical training in rhesus monkeys: Histomorphometric study Calcif Tissue Int 50:404410.