SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Rosenblatt M, Kronenberg HM, Potts JT Jr, 1989 Parathyroid hormone-physiology, chemistry, biosynthesis, secretion, metabolism, and mode of action. In: DegrootLJ, (ed.) Endocrinology. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A., pp. 848891.
  • 2
    Kronenberg H, 1993 FavusMJ, (ed.) Primer on Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism. Raven Press, New York, NY, U.S.A., pp. 5860.
  • 3
    Thiede MA, Rodan GA 1988 Expression of a calcium-mobilizing parathyroid hormone-like peptide in lactating mammary tissue Science 242:278280.
  • 4
    Kremer R, Karpalis AC, Henderson J, Gulliver W, Banville D, Hendy GN, Goltzman D 1991 Regulation of parathyroid hormone-like peptide in cultured normal human keratinocytes J Clin Invest 87:884893.
  • 5
    Hendy GN, Goltzman D, 1992 HalloranBP, NissensonRA, (eds.) Parathyroid Hormone-Related Peptide: Normal Physiology and Its Role in Cancer. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, U.S.A., pp. 2555.
  • 6
    Strewler GD, Nissenson RA, 1993 FavusMJ, (ed.) Primer on Metabolic Bone Diseases and Disorders of Mineral Metabolism. Raven Press, New York, NY, U.S.A., pp. 6163.
  • 7
    Karaplis AC, Luz A, Glowachi J, Bronson RT, Tybulewicz VLJ, Kronenberg HM, Mulligan RC 1994 Lethal skeletal dysplasia from targeted disruption of the parathyroid hormone-related peptide gene Genes Dev 8:277289.
  • 8
    Lanske B, Karaplis AC, Lee K, Luz A, Vortkamp A, Pirro A, Karperien M, Defize LHK, Ho C, Mulligan RC, Abou-Samra AB, Jüppner H, Segre GV, Kronenberg HM 1996 PTH/PTHrP receptor in early development and Indian hedgehog-regulated bone growth Science 273:663666.
  • 9
    Vortkamp A, Lee K, Lanske B, Segre GV, Kronenberg HM, Tabin CJ 1996 Regulation of rate of cartilage differentiation by Indian Hedgehog and PTH-related protein Science 273:613622.
  • 10
    Jüppner H, Abou-Samra A-B, Freeman M, Kong XF, Schipani E, Richards J, Kolakowski LFJ, Hock J, Potts JRJ, Kronenberg HM, Segre GV 1991 A G protein-linked receptor for parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone-related peptide Science 254:10241026.
  • 11
    Abou-Samra A-B, Jüppner H, Freeman MW, Kong X-F, Schipani E, Urena P, Richards J, Bonventre JV, Potts JT Jr, Kronenberg HM, Segre GV 1992 Expression cloning of a common receptor for parathyroid hormone and parathyroid hormone-related peptide from rat osteoblast-like cells: A single receptor stimulates intracellular accumulation of both cAMP and inositol trisphosphates and increases intracellular free calcium Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89:27322736.
  • 12
    Karperien M, Van Dijk TB, Hoeijmakers T, Cremers F, Abou-Samra A-B, Boonstra J, De Laat SW, Defize LHK 1994 Expression pattern of parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone related peptide receptor mRNA in mouse postimplantation embryos indicates involvement in multiple developmental processes Mech Dev 47:2942.
  • 13
    Collib JB, Clark EP 1925 Further studies on the physiological action of a parathyroid hormone J Biol Chem 64:485507.
  • 14
    Johnston CCJ, Deiss WP, Miner EB 1962 Bone matrix biosynthesis in vitro II. Effects of parathyroid hormone J Biol Chem 237:35603565.
  • 15
    Raisz LG, 1976 Mechanisms of bone resorption. In: AurbachGD, (ed.) Handbook of Physiology III. American Physiology Society, Washington, DC, U.S.A., pp. 117136.
  • 16
    Reeve J, Meunier PJ, Parsons JA, Bernat M, Bijvoet OLM, Courpron P, Edouard C, Klenerman L, Neer RM, Renier JC, Slovik D, Visman FJ, Potts JTJ 1980 Anabolic effects of human parathyroid hormone fragment on trabecular bone in involutional osteoporosis: A multicentre trial Br Med J 280:13401344.
  • 17
    Gunness-Hey M, Hock JM 1984 Increased trabecular bone mass in rats treated with human synthetic parathyroid hormone Metab Bone Dis Rel Res 5:177181.
  • 18
    Hori M, Uzawa T, Morita K, Noda T, Takahashi H, Inoue J 1988 Effect of human parathyroid hormone (PTH)(1–34) on experimental osteopenia of rats induced by ovariectomy Bone Miner 3:193199.
  • 19
    Tam CS, Hersche JNM, Murray TM, Parsons JA 1982 Parathyroid hormone stimulates the bone apposition rate independent of its resorptive action: Differential effects of intermittent and continuous administration Endocrinology 110:506511.
  • 20
    Liu CC, Kalu DN 1990 Human parathyroid hormone (1–34) prevents bone-loss and augments bone formation in sexually mature ovariectomized rats J Bone Miner Res 5:973982.
  • 21
    Nijweide PJ, Burger EH, Feyen JHM 1986 Cells of bone: Proliferation, differentiation, and hormonal regulation Physiol Rev 66:855886.
  • 22
    Rosen V, Thies RS 1992 The BMP proteins in bone formation and repair Trends Genet 8:97102.
  • 23
    Wozney JM 1992 The bone morphogenetic protein family and osteogenesis Mol Reprod Dev 32:160167.
  • 24
    Hogan BLM 1996 Bone morphogenetic proteins: Multifunctional regulators of vertebrate development Genes Dev 10:15801594.
  • 25
    Ahrens M, Ankenbauer T, Schröder D, Hollnagel A, Mayer H, Gross G 1993 Expression of human bone morphogenetic proteins–2 or −4 in murine mesenchymal progenitor C3H10T½ cells induces differentiation into distinct mesenchymal cell lineages DNA Cell Biol 12:871880.
  • 26
    Wang EA, Israel DI, Kelly S, Luxenberg DP 1993 Bone-Morphogenetic protein causes commitment and differentiation in C3H10T½ and 3T3 cells Growth Factors 9:5771.
  • 27
    Katagiri T, Yamaguchi A, Ikeda T, Yoshiki S, Wozney JM, Rosen V, Wang EA, Tanaka H, Omura S, Suda T 1990 The non-osteogenic mouse pluripotent cell line, C3H10T½, is induced to differentiate into osteoblastic cells by recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein–2 Biochem Biophys Res Commun 172:295299.
  • 28
    Dirks W, Schaper F, Kirchhoff S, Morelle C, Hauser H 1994 A multifunctional vector family for gene expression in mammalian cells Gene 149:387388.
  • 29
    Owen TA, Aronow M, Shalhoub V, Barone LM, Wilming L, Tassinari MS, Kennedy MB, Pockwinse S, Lian JB, Stein GS 1990 Progressive Development of the rat osteoblast phenotype in vitro, reciprocal relationships in the expression of genes associated with osteoblast proliferation and differentiation during formation of the bone extracellular matrix J Cell Physiol 143:420430.
  • 30
    Hollnagel A, Schröder D, Gross G 1996 Domain-specific gene activation by parathyroid hormone in osteoblastic ROS17/2.8 cells J Biol Chem 271:2187021877.
  • 31
    Lee K, Deeds JD, Chiba S, Un-No M, Bond AT, Segre GV 1994 Parathyroid hormone induces sequential c-fos expression in bone cells in vivo: In situ localization of its receptor and c-fos messenger ribonucleic acids Endocrinology 134:441450.
  • 32
    Ohta S, Hiraki Y, Shigeno C, Suzuki F, Kasai R, Ikeda T, Kohno H, Lee K, Kikuchi H, Konishi J, Bentz H, Rosen DM, Yamamuro T 1992 Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP–2 and BMP–3) induce the late phase expression of the proto-oncogene c-fos in murine osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells FEBS Lett 314:356360.
  • 33
    Kronenberg HM, Bringhurst FR, Nussbaum S, Jüppner H, Abou-Samra AB, Segre GV, Potts JT Jr, 1993 Parathyroid hormone: Biosynthesis, secretion, chemistry, and action. In: MundyGR, MartinTJ, (eds.) Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology: Physiology and Pharmacology of Bone. Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, pp. 185201.
  • 34
    Silbermann M, Shurtz-Swirski R, Lewinson D, Shenzer P, Mayer H 1991 In vitro response of neonatal condylar cartilage to simultaneous exposure to the parathyroid hormone fragments 1–34, 28–48 and 53–84 hPTH Calcif Tissue Int 48:260266.
  • 35
    Murray TM, Rao IG, Muzaffar SA, Ly H 1989 Human parathyroid hormone carboxyterminal peptide (53–84) stimulates alkaline phosphatase activity in dexamethasone-treated rat osteosarcoma cells in vitro Endocrinology 124:10971099.
  • 36
    Inomata N, Akiyama M, Kubota N, Juppner H 1995 Characterization of a novel parathyroid hormone (PTH) receptor with specificity for the carboxy-terminal region of PTH-(1–84). Endocrinology 136:47324740.
  • 37
    Orloff JJ, Kats Y, Urena P, Schipani E, Vasavada RC, Philbrick WM, Behal A, Abou-Samra A-B, Segre GV, Jüppner H 1995 Further evidence for a novel receptor for amino-terminal parathyroid hormone-related protein on keratinocytes and squamous carcinoma cell lines Endocrinology 136:30163023.
  • 38
    Usdin TB, Gruber C, Bonner TI 1995 Identification and functional expression of a receptor selectively recognizing parathyroid hormone, the PTH2 receptor J Biol Chem 270:1545515458.
  • 39
    Dempster DW, Cosman F, Parisien M, Shen V, Lindsay R 1993 Anabolic actions of parathyroid hormone on bone Endocr Rev 14:690709.
  • 40
    Yamamoto J, Shigeno C, Potts JTJ, Segre GV 1988 Characterization and agonist-induced down-regulation of parathyroid hormone receptors in clonal rat osteosarcoma cells Endocrinology 122:12081217.
  • 41
    Bringhurst FR, Jüppner H, Guo J, Urena P, Potts JTJ, Kronenberg HM, Abou-Samra A-B, Segre GV 1993 Cloned, stably expressed parathyroidhormone (PTH)/PTH-related peptide receptors activate multiple messenger signals and biological responses in LLC-PK1 kidney cells Endocrinology 132:20902098.
  • 42
    Milano CA, Allen LF, Rockman HA, Dolber PC, McMinn TR, Chien KR, Johnson TD, Bond RA, Lefkowitz RJ 1994 Enhanced myocardial function in transgenic mice overexpressing the β2-adrenergic receptor Science 264:582586.
  • 43
    Bond RA, Leff P, Johnson TD, Milano CA, Rockman HA, McMinn TR, Apparsundaram S, Hyek MF, Kenakin TP, Allen LF, Lefkowitz RJ 1995 Physiological effects of inverse agonists in transgenic mice with myocardial overexpression of the β2-adrenoceptor Nature 374:272276.
  • 44
    Amizuka N, Warshawsky H, Henderson JE, Goltzman D, Karaplis AC 1994 Parathyroid hormone-related peptide-depleted mice show abnormal epiphyseal cartilage development and altered endochondral bone formation J Cell Biol 126:16111623.
  • 45
    Schipani E, Kruse K, Juppner H 1995 A constitutively active mutant PTH-PTHrP receptor in Jansen-type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia Science 268:98100.
  • 46
    Henderson JE, He B, Goltzman D, Karaplis AC 1996 Constitutive expression of parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) stimulates growth and inhibits differentiation of CFK2 chondrocytes J Cell Physiol 169:3341.
  • 47
    Isogai Y, Akatsu T, Ishizuya T, Yamaguchi A, Hori M, Takahashi N, Suda T 1996 Parathyroid hormone regulates osteoblast differentiation positively or negatively depending on the differentiation stages J Bone Miner Res 11:13841393.