SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Cooper C, Campion G, Melton LJ 1992 Hip fractures in the elderly: A world-wide projection Osteoporosis Int 2:285289.
  • 2
    Heyse SP 1993 Epidemiology of hip fractures in the elderly: A cross-national analysis of mortality rates for femoral neck fractures Osteoporos Int Suppl 1:S16S19.
  • 3
    Kanis JA, McCloskey EV, Sirtori P, Khan S, Fern D, Eyres K, Aaron J, Beneton MN 1993 Rationale for the use of clodronate in osteoporosis Osteoporos Int 3:S23S28.
  • 4
    Poor G, Atkinson EJ, O'Fallon WM, Melton LJ 1995 Predictors of hip fractures in elderly men J Bone Miner Res 10:19001907.
  • 5
    Vermeulen A, Rubens R, Verdonck L 1972 Testosterone secretion and metabolism in male senescence J Clin Endocrinol Metab 34:730735.
  • 6
    Gray A, Feldman HA, McKinlay JB, Longcope C 1991 Age, disease, and changing sex hormone levels in middle-aged men: Results of the Massachusetts male aging study J Clin Endocrinol Metab 73:10161025.
  • 7
    Häkkinen K, Pakarinen A 1993 Muscle strength and serum testosterone, cortisol and SHBG concentrations in middle-aged and elderly men and women Acta Physiol Scand 148:199207.
  • 8
    Abassi AA, Drinka PJ, Mattson DE, Rudman DJ 1993 Low circulating levels of insulin-like growth factors and testosterone in chronically institutionalized elderly men J Am Geriatr Soc 41:975982.
  • 9
    Vermeulen A 1991 Androgens in the aging female J Clin Endocrinol Metab 73:221224.
  • 10
    Vanderschueren D, Bouillon R 1995 Androgens and bone Calcif Tissue Int 56:341346.
  • 11
    Vanderschueren D 1996 Androgens and their role in skeletal homeostasis Horm Res 46:9598.
  • 12
    Young G, Marcus R, Mioff JR, Kim LY, Segre GV 1987 Age-related rise in parathyroid hormone in man: The use of intact and midmolecule antisera to distinguish hormone secretion from retention J Bone Miner Res 2:367374.
  • 13
    Endres DB, Morgan CH, Garry PJ, Omdahl JL 1987 Age-related changes in serum immunoreactive parathyroid hormone and its biological action in healthy men and women J Clin Endocrinol Metab 65:724731.
  • 14
    Orwoll ES, Meier DE 1986 Alterations in calcium, vitamin D, and parathyroid hormone physiology in normal men with aging: Relationship to the development of senile osteopenia J Clin Endocrinol Metab 63:12621269.
  • 15
    Epstein S, Bryce G, Hinman JW, Miller ON, Riggs BL, Hui SL, Johnston CC Jr 1986 The influence of age on bone mineral regulating hormones Bone 7:421425.
  • 16
    Halloran BP, Portale AA, Lonergan ET, Morris RC Jr 1990 Production and metabolic clearance of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in men: Effect of advancing age J Clin Endocrinol Metab 70:318323.
  • 17
    Chapuy M, Arlot M, Duboeuf F, Brun J, Crouzet B, Arnaud S, Delmas P, Meunier P 1992 Vitamin D3 and calcium to prevent hip fractures in elderly women N Engl J Med 327:16371642.
  • 18
    Young GA, Hill GL 1978 Assessment of protein-calorie malnutrition in surgical patients from plasma proteins and anthropometric measurements Am J Clin Nutr 31:429435.
  • 19
    Bouillon R, Van Assche FA, Van Baelen H, Heyns W, De Moor P 1981 Influence of the vitamin D-binding protein on the serum concentration of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. J Clin Invest 67:589596.
  • 20
    Selby C 1990 Sex hormone binding globulin: Origin, function and clinical significance Ann Clin Biochem 27:532541.
  • 21
    Delmas P 1990 Biochemical markers of bone turnover for the clinical assessment of metabolic bone disease Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 1:118.
  • 22
    Robins SP, Black D, Paterson CR, Reid DM, Duncan A, Seibel MJ 1991 Evaluation of urinary hydroxypyridinium crosslink measurements as resorption markers in metabolic bone disease Eur J Clin Invest 21:310315.
  • 23
    O'Neill TW, Felsenberg D, Varlow J, Cooper C 1996 The prevalence of vertebral deformity in European men and women: The European Vertebral Osteoporosis Study J Bone Miner Res 11:10101016.
  • 24
    Cockroft D, Gault M 1976 Prediction of creatinine clearance from serum creatinine Nephron 16:3141.
  • 25
    Bouillon R, Van Kerkhove P, De Moor P 1976 Measurement of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in serum Clin Chem 22:364368.
  • 26
    Bouillon R, Van Baelen H, De Moor P 1977 The measurement of the vitamin D-binding protein in human serum J Clin Endocrinol Metab 45:225231.
  • 27
    Bouillon R, De Moor P, Baggiolini E, Uskokovic M 1980 A radioimmunoassay for 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol Clin Chem 26:562567.
  • 28
    Bouillon R, Van Baelen H 1981 Transport of vitamin D: Significance of free and total concentrations of the vitamin D metabolites Calcif Tissue Int 33:451453.
  • 29
    Bouillon R, Coopmans W, Degroote DE, Radoux D, Eliard PH 1990 Immunoradiometric assay of parathyrin with polyclonal and monoclonal region-specific antibodies Clin Chem 36:271276.
  • 30
    Verhoeven G, Koninckx P, De Moor P 1982 Androgen and progestogen production in cultured interstitial cells derived from immature rat testis J Steroid Biochem 17:319330.
  • 31
    Koninckx PR, Heyns W, Verhoeven G, Van Baelen H, Lissens WD, De Moor P, Brosens IA 1980 Biochemical characterization of peritoneal fluid in women during the menstrual cycle J Clin Endocrinol Metab 51:12391244.
  • 32
    Coolens JL, Van Baelen H, Heyns W 1987 Clinical use of unbound plasma cortisol as calculated from total cortisol and corticosteroid-binding globulin J Steroid Biochem 26:197202.
  • 33
    Bouillon R, Vanderschueren D, Van Herck E, Van Baelen H 1992 Homologous radioimmunoassay of human osteocalcin Clin Chem 38:20552060.
  • 34
    Vanderschueren D, Jans I, Van Herck E, Bouillon R 1994 Time-related increase of biochemical markers of bone turnover in androgen-deficient male rats Bone Miner 26:123131.
  • 35
    Boonen S, Lesaffre E, Dequeker J, Aerssens J, Nijs J, Pelemans W, Bouillon R 1996 Relationship between baseline serum insulin-like growth factor-I and bone mineral density of the proximal femur in women aged over 70 years: Implications for the prevention of age-related bone loss J Am Geriatr Soc 44:13011306.
  • 36
    Bouillon R, Auwerx J, Lissens W, Pelemans W 1987 Vitamin D status in the elderly: Seasonal substrate deficiency causes 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol deficiency Am J Clin Nutr 45:755763.
  • 37
    Winters SJ 1994 Endocrine evaluation of testicular function Endocrinol Metab Clin 23:709723.
  • 38
    Riggs BL, Melton LJ 1986 Involutional osteoporosis N Engl J Med 314:16761686.
  • 39
    Sherman SS, Tobin JD, Hollis BW, Gundberg CM, Roy TA, Plato CC 1992 Biochemical parameters associated with low bone density in healthy men and women J Bone Miner Res 7:11231130.
  • 40
    Murphy S, Khaw K-T, Prentice A, Compston JE 1993 Relationships between parathyroid hormone, 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and bone mineral density in elderly men Age Ageing 22:198204.
  • 41
    Pun K, Wong F, Wang C et al. 1990 Vitamin D status among patients with fractured neck of femur in Hong-Kong Bone 11:365368.
  • 42
    MacDonald D, Lan E, Chan E, Mah T, Woo J, Leung P, Swaminakhaw R 1992 Serum intact parathyroid hormone levels in elderly Chinese females with hip fracture Calcif Tissue Int 51:412414.
  • 43
    Benhamou C, Tourliere D, Gauvain J et al. 1995 Calciotropic hormones in elderly people with and without hip fracture Osteoporos Int 5:103107.
  • 44
    Hegarty V, Woodhouse P, Khaw T 1994 Seasonal variation in 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone concentrations in healthy elderly people Age Ageing 23:478482.
  • 45
    Lips P, Netelenbos J, Jongen M, van Ginkel FC, Althuis AL, van Shaik CL, van der Vijgh WJ, Vermeiden JP, van der Meer C 1982 Histomorphometric profile and vitamin D status in patients with femoral neck fracture Metab Bone Dis Rel Res 4:8593.
  • 46
    Compston J, Vedi S, Croucher P 1991 Low prevalence of osteomalacia in elderly patients with hip fracture Age Ageing 20:132134.
  • 47
    Orwoll ES, Klein RF 1995 Osteoporosis in men Endocr Rev 16:87116.
  • 48
    Finkelstein JS, Klibanski A, Neer RM, Greenspan SL, Rosenthal DI, Crowley WF Jr 1987 Osteoporosis in men with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadis Ann Intern Med 106:354361.
  • 49
    Greenspan SL, Oppenheim DS, Klibanski A 1989 Importance of gonadal steroids to bone mass in men with hyperprolactinemic hypogonadism Ann Intern Med 110:526531.
  • 50
    Isaia G, Mussetta M, Pecchio F, Sciolla A, Di Stefano M, Molinatti G 1992 Effect of testosterone on bone in hypogonadal males Maturitas 15:4751.
  • 51
    Devogelaer J, De Cooman S, Nagant De Deuxchaisnes C 1992 Low bone mass in hypogonadal males. Effect of testosterone substitution therapy: A densitometric study Maturitas 15:1723.
  • 52
    Stanley HL, Schmitt BP, Poses RM, Deiss WP 1991 Does hypogonadism contribute to the occurrence of a minimal trauma hip fracture in elderly men? J Am Geriatr Soc 39:766771.
  • 53
    Jackson J, Riggs M, Spiekerman A 1992 Testosterone deficiency as a risk factor for hip fractures in men: A case-control study Am J Med Sci 304:48.
  • 54
    Marottoli RA, Berkman LF, Cooney LM Jr 1992 Decline in physical function following hip fracture J Am Geriatr Soc 40:861866.
  • 55
    Turner RT, Wakley GK, Hannon KS 1990 Differential effects of androgens on cortical bone histomorphometry in gonadectomized male and female rats J Orthop Res 8:612617.
  • 56
    Wakley GK, Schutte HD, Hannon KS, Turner RT 1991 Androgen treatment prevents loss of cancellous bone in the orchidectomized rat J Bone Miner Res 6:325330.
  • 57
    Vanderschueren D, Van Herck E, Suiker AMH, Visser WJ, Schot LPC, Bouillon R 1992 Bone and mineral metabolism in aged male rats: Short- and long-term effects of androgen deficiency Endocrinology 130:29062916.
  • 58
    Ooms M, Lips P, Roos J, Van der Vijgh W, Popp-Snijders C, Bezemer P, Bouter L 1995 Vitamin D status and sex hormone binding globulin: Determinants of bone turnover and bone mineral density in elderly women J Bone Miner Res 10:11771184.
  • 59
    Ooms M, Roos J, Bezemer P, Van der Vijgh W, Bouter L, Lips P 1995 Prevention of bone loss by vitamin D supplementation: A randomized double-blind trial J Clin Endocrinol Metab 80:10521058.
  • 60
    Gray A, Feldman H, McKinlay J 1991 Age, disease and changing sex hormone levels in middle aged men J Clin Endocrinol Metab 73:10161025.
  • 61
    Orentreich N, Brind J, Rizer R 1984 Age changes and sex differences in serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate concentrations throughout adulthood J Clin Endocrinol Metab 59:551555.
  • 62
    Orentreich N, Brind J, Vogelman J, Andres R, Baldwin H 1992 Long-term longitudinal measurements of plasma dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in normal men J Clin Endocrinol Metab 75:10021004.
  • 63
    Baulieu EE 1996 Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). J Clin Endocrinol Metab 81:31473151.
  • 64
    Bodine P, Riggs BL, Spelsberg T 1995 Regulation of c-fos expression and TGFb production by gonadal and adrenal androgens in normal human osteoblastic cells J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 52:149158.
  • 65
    Devogelaer JP, Crabbé J, Nagant de Deuxchaisnes 1987 Bone density in Addison's disease: Evidence for an effect of adrenal androgens on bone mass Br Med J 294:798800.
  • 66
    Nordin B, Robertson A, Seamark R, Bridges An, Philcox J, Need, Horowitz M, Morris H, Deam S 1985 The relation between calcium absorption, serum dehydroepiandrosterone, and vertebral mineral density in postmenopausal women J Clin Endocrinol Metab 60:651657.
  • 67
    Akesson K, Vergnaud P, Gineyts E, Delmas PD, Obrant KJ 1993 Impairment of bone turnover in elderly women with hip fracture Calcif Tissue Int 53:162169.
  • 68
    Goussis OS, Pardridge WM, Judd HL 1983 Critical illness and low testosterone: Effects of human serum on testosterone transport into rat brain and liver J Clin Endocrinol Metab 56:710714.
  • 69
    Tenover JS 1992 Effects of testosterone supplementation in the aging male J Clin Endocrinol Metab 75:10921098.