• 1
    Owen M, 1985 Lineage of osteogenic cells and their relationship to the stromal system. In: PeckWA, (ed.) Bone and Mineral, Vol 3. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 125.
  • 2
    Caplan AI 1991 Mesenchymal stem cells J Orthop Res 9:641650.
  • 3
    Dennis JE, Haynesworth SE, Young RG, Caplan AI 1992 Osteogenesis in marrow-derived mesenchymal cell porous ceramic composites transplanted subcutaneously: Effect of fibronectin and laminin on cell retention and rate of osteogenic expression Cell Transplant 1:2332.
  • 4
    Kadiyala S, Young RG, Thiede MA, Bruder SP 1997 Culture-expanded canine mesenchymal stem cells possess osteochondrogenic potential in vivo and in vitro Cell Transplant 6:125134.
  • 5
    Lennon DP, Haynesworth SE, Bruder SP, Jaiswal N, Caplan AI 1996 Development of a serum screen for mesenchymal progenitor cells from bone marrow In Vitro Cell Dev Biol 32:602611.
  • 6
    Pereira RF, Halford KW, O'Hara MD, Leeper DB, Sokolov BP, Pollard MD, Bagasra O, Prockop DJ 1995 Culture adherent cells from marrow can serve as long-lasting precursor cells for bone, cartilage, and lung in irradiated mice Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92:48574861.
  • 7
    Wakitani S, Goto T, Pineda SJ, Young RG, Mansour JM, Goldberg VM, Caplan AI 1994 Mesenchymal cell-based repair of large full-thickness defects of articular cartilage J Bone Joint Surg 76:579592.
  • 8
    Haynesworth SE, Goshima J, Goldberg VM, Caplan AI 1992 Characterization of cells with osteogenic potential from human marrow Bone 13:8188.
  • 9
    Nakahara H, Bruder SP, Goldberg VM, Caplan AI 1990 In vivo osteochondrogenic potential of cultured cells derived from the periosteum Clin Orthop 259:223232.
  • 10
    Jaiswal N, Haynesworth SE, Caplan AI, Bruder SP 1997 Osteogenic differentiation of purified, culture-expanded human mesenchymal stem cells in vitro J Cell Biochem 64:295312.
  • 11
    Johnstone B, Yoo JU, Barry FP 1996 In vitro chondrogenesis of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal cells Trans Orthop Res Soc 21:65.
  • 12
    Caplan AI, Fink DJ, Goto T, Linton AE, Young RG, Wakitani S, Goldberg VM, Haynesworth SE, 1993 Mesenchymal stem cells and tissue repair. In: JacksonDW, (ed.) The Anterior Cruciate Ligament: Current and Future Concepts. Raven Press, New York, NY, U.S.A., pp. 405417.
  • 13
    Young RG, Butler DL, Weber W, Gordon SL, Fink DJ 1997 Mesenchymal stem cell-based repair of rabbit achilles tendon Trans Orthop Res Soc 22:249.
  • 14
    Wakitani S, Saito T, Caplan AI 1995 Myogenic cells derived from rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells exposed to 5-azacytidine Muscle Nerve 18:14171426.
  • 15
    Pittenger MF, Mackay AM, Beck SC 1996 Human mesenchymal stem cells can be directed into chondrocytes, adipocytes and osteocytes Mol Biol Cell 7:305a.
  • 16
    Majumdar MK, Thiede MA, Mosca JD, Moorman MK, Gerson SL, 1998 Phenotypic and functional comparison of cultures of marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and stromal cells.J Cell Physiol (in press).
  • 17
    Bruder SP, Jaiswal N, Haynesworth SE 1997 Growth kinetics, self-renewal and the osteogenic potential of purified human mesenchymal stem cells during extensive subcultivation and following cryopreservation J Cell Biochem 64:278294.
  • 18
    Simmons PJ, Torok-Storb B 1991 Identification of stromal cell precursors in human bone marrow by a novel monoclonal antibody, STRO-1 Blood 78:5562.
  • 19
    Gronthos S, Graves SE, Ohta S, Simmons PJ 1994 The STRO-1+ fraction of adult human bone marrow contains the osteogenic precursors Blood 84:41644173.
  • 20
    Benayahu D, Efrati M, Weintroub S 1995 Monoclonal antibodies recognize antigen expressed by osteoblasts J Bone Miner Res 10:14961503.
  • 21
    Haynesworth SE, Baber MA, Caplan AI 1992 Cell surface antigens on human marrow-derived mesenchymal cells are detected by monoclonal antibodies Bone 13:6980.
  • 22
    Bruder SP, Horowitz MC, Mosca JD, Haynesworth SE 1997 Monoclonal antibodies reactive with human osteogenic cell surface antigens Bone 21:225235.
  • 23
    Bowen MA, Patel DD, Li X, Modrell B, Malacko AR, Wang WC, Marquardt H, Neubauer M, Pesando JM, Francke U, Haynes BF, Aruffo A 1995 Cloning, mapping, and characterization of activated leukocyte-cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM), a CD6 ligand J Exp Med 181:22132220.
  • 24
    Bruder SP, Caplan AI 1990 A monoclonal antibody against the surface of osteoblasts recognizes alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes in bone, liver, kidney and intestine Bone 11:133139.
  • 25
    Pesando JM, Hoffman P, Abed M 1986 Antibody-induced antigenic modulation is antigen dependent: Characterization of 22 proteins on a malignant human B cell line J Immunol 137:36893695.
  • 26
    Rosenfeld J, Capdevielle J, Guillemot JC, Ferrara P 1992 In-gel digestion of proteins for internal sequence analysis after one- or two-dimensional gel electrophoresis Anal Biochem 203:173179.
  • 27
    Xiang F, Beavis RC 1994 A method to increase contaminant tolerance in protein matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization by the fabrication of thin protein-doped polycrystalline films Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 8:199204.
  • 28
    Altschul SF, Gish W, Miller W, Myers EW, Lipman DJ 1990 Basic local alignment search tool J Mol Biol 215:403410.
  • 29
    Tanaka H, Matsui T, Agata A, Tomura M, Kubota I, McFarland KC, Kohr B, Lee A, Phillips HS, Shelton DL 1991 Molecular cloning and expression of a novel adhesion molecule, SC1 Neuron 7:535545.
  • 30
    Burns FR, von Kannen S, Guy L, Raper JA, Kamholz J, Chang S 1991 DM-GRASP, a novel immunoglobulin superfamily axonal surface protein that supports neurite extension Neuron 7:209220.
  • 31
    Bajorath J, Bowen MA, Aruffo A 1995 Molecular model of the N-terminal receptor-binding domain of the human CD6 ligand ALCAM Protein Sci 4:16441647.
  • 32
    Patel DD, Wee SF, Whichard LP, Bowen MA, Pesando JM, Aruffo A, Haynes BF 1995 Identification and characterization of a 100 kDa ligand for CD6 on human thymic epithelial cells J Exp Med 181:15631568.
  • 33
    Resnick D, Pearson A, Krieger M 1994 The SRCR superfamily: A family reminiscent of the Ig superfamily Trends Biochem Sci 19:58.
  • 34
    Pourquie O, Corbel C, Le Care JP, Rossier F, Le Dourain NM 1992 BEN, a surface glycoprotein of the immunoglobulin superfamily, is expressed in a variety of developing systems Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89:52615265.
  • 35
    Laesing U, Giordano S, Stecher B, Lottspeich F, Stuermer CAO 1994 Molecular characterization of fish neurolin: A growth-associated cell surface protein and member of the immunoglobulin superfamily in the fish retinotectal system with similarities to chick protein DM-GRASP/SC-1/BEN Differentiation 56:2129.
  • 36
    Lehmann JM, Riethmuller G, Johnson J 1989 MUC18, a marker of tumor progression in human melanoma, shows sequence similarity to the neural cell adhesion molecules of the immunoglobulin superfamily Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 86:98919895.
  • 37
    Zaia J, Boynton RE, McIntosh A, Marshak DR, Olsson H, Heinegård D, Barry F 1997 Post-translational modifications in cartilage oligomeric matrix protein J Biol Chem 272:1412014126.
  • 38
    Haynes BF, Denning SM, Singer KH, Kurtzberg J 1989 Ontogeny of T-cell precursors: A model for the initial stages of human T-cell development Immunol Today 10:8791.
  • 39
    Kamps WA, Cooper MD 1984 Development of lymphocyte subpopulations identified by monoclonal antibodies in human fetuses J Clin Immunol 4:3639.
  • 40
    Lee YS, Chuong CM 1992 Adhesion molecules in skeletogenesis: I. Transient expression of neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) in osteoblasts during endochondral and intramembranous ossification J Bone Miner Res 7:14351446.
  • 41
    Okazaki M, Takeshita S, Kawai S, Kikuno R, Tsujimura A, Kudo A, Amann E 1994 Molecular cloning and characterization of OB-Cadherin, a new member of cadherin family expressed in osteoblasts J Biol Chem 269:1209212098.
  • 42
    Tanaka Y, Morimoto I, Nakano Y, Okada Y, Hirota S, Nomura S, Nakamura T, Eto S 1995 Osteoblasts are regulated by the cellular adhesion through ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 J Bone Miner Res 10:14621469.