SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Consensus Development Conference 1991 Prophylaxis and treatment of osteoporosis Am J Med 90:107110.
  • 2
    Slemenda CW, Christian JC, Williams CJ, Norton JA, Johnston CC Jr 1991 Genetic determinants of bone mass in adult women: A reevaluation of the twin model and potential importance of gene interaction on heritability estimates J Bone Miner Res 6:561567.
  • 3
    Sowers MF, Boehnke M, Jannausch ML, Crutchfield M, Corton G, Burns TL 1992 Familiality and partitioning of variability of femoral neck bone mineral density of women of childbearing age Calcif Tissue Int 50:110114.
  • 4
    Arden NK, Baker J, Hogg C, Baan K, Spector TD 1996 The heritability of bone mineral density, ultrasound of the calcaneus and hip axis length: A study of postmenopausal twins J Bone Miner Res 11:530534.
  • 5
    Morrison NA, Yeoman R, Kelly PJ, Eisman JA 1992 Contribution of trans-acting factor alleles to normal physiological variability: Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms and circulating osteocalcin Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89:66656669.
  • 6
    Eisman JA 1995 Vitamin D receptor gene alleles and osteoporosis: An affirmative view J Bone Miner Res 10:12891293.
  • 7
    Peacock M 1995 Vitamin D receptor gene alleles and osteoporosis: A contrasting view J Bone Miner Res 10:12941297.
  • 8
    Econs MJ, Speer MC 1996 Genetic studies of complex diseases: Let the reader beware J Bone Miner Res 11:18351840.
  • 9
    Cooper GS, Umbach DM 1996 Are vitamin D receptor polymorphisms associated with bone mineral density? A meta-analysis J Bone Miner Res 11:18411849.
  • 10
    Spotila LD, Constantinou CD, Sereda L, Ganguly A, Riggs BL, Prockop DJ 1991 Mutation in a gene for type I procollagen (COL1A2), in a woman with postmenopausal osteoporosis: Evidence for phenotypic and genotypic overlap with mild osteogenesis imperfecta Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 88:54235427.
  • 11
    Spotila LD, Colige A, Sereda L, Constantinos-Deltas CD, Whyte MP, Riggs BL, Shaker JL, Spector TD, Hume E, Olsen N, Attie M, Tenenhouse A, Shane E, Briney W, Prockop DJ 1994 Mutation analysis of coding sequences for type I procollagen in individuals with low bone density J Bone Miner Res 9:923932.
  • 12
    Shapiro JR, Stover ML, Burn VE, McKinstry MB, Burshell AL, Chipman SD, Rowe DW 1992 An osteopenic nonfracture syndrome with features of mild osteogenesis imperfecta associated with the substitution of a cysteine for glycine at triple helix position 43 in the proα1(I) chain of type I collagen J Clin Invest 89:567573.
  • 13
    Block G, Hartman AM, Dresser CM, Carroll MD, Gannon J, Gardner L 1986 A data-based approach to diet questionnaire design and testing Am J Epidemiol 124:453469.
  • 14
    Sallis JF, Haskell WL, Wood PD, Fortmann SP, Rogers T, Blair SN, Paffenbarger RS Jr 1985 Physical activity assessment methodology in the Five-City Project Am J Epidemiol 121:91106.
  • 15
    Mazess RB, Barden HS, Hanson JA, 1990 Body composition by dual-photon absorptiometry and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. In: YasumaraS, (ed.) Advances in In Vivo Body Composition Studies. Plenum Press, New York, NY, U.S.A., pp. 427432.
  • 16
    Saiki RK, Gelfand DH, Stoffel S, Scharf SJ, Higuchi R, Horn GT, Mullis KB, Erlich HA 1988 Primer-directed enzymatic amplification of DNA with a thermostable DNA polymerase Science 239:487491.
  • 17
    Kobayashi S, Inoue S, Hosoi T, Ouchi Y, Shiraki M, Orimo H 1996 Association of bone mineral density with polymorphisms of the estrogen receptor gene J Bone Miner Res 11:306311.
  • 18
    Morrison NA, Qi JC, Tokita A, Kelley PJ, Crofts L, Nguyen TV, Sambrook P, Eisman JA 1994 Prediction of bone density from vitamin D receptor alleles Nature 367:284287.
  • 19
    Hustmyer FG, DeLuca HF, Peacock M 1993 Apal, Bsml, EcoRV, and Taql polymorphisms at the human vitamin D receptor gene locus in Caucasians, Blacks, and Asians Hum Mol Genet 2:487.
  • 20
    Baker R, Lynch J, Ferguson L, Priestley L, Sykes B 1991 PCR detection of five restriction site dimorphisms at the type I collagen loci COL1A1 and COL1A2 Nucleic Acids Res 19:4315.
  • 21
    Willing MC, Pruchno CJ, Atkinson M, Byers PH 1992 Osteogenesis imperfecta type I is commonly due to a COL1A1, null allele of type I collagen Am J Hum Genet 51:508515.
  • 22
    Pepe G 1993 Highly polymorphic (ACT)n VNTR (variable nucleotide tandem repeats) locus inside intron 12 of COL1A2, one of the two genes involved in dominant osteogenesis imperfecta Hum Mut 2:300305.
  • 23
    Dixon M, Dixon J, Houseal T, Bhatt M, Ward D, Klinger K, Landes G 1993 Narrowing the position of the Teacher Collins syndrome locus to a small interval between three new microsatellite markers at 5q32–33.1 Am J Hum Genet 52:907914.
  • 24
    Crosby A, Edwards S, Murray J, Dixon M 1995 Genomic organization of the human osteopontin gene: Exclusion of the locus from a causative role in the pathogenesis of dentinogenesis imperfecta type II Genomics 27:155160.
  • 25
    Milliken GA, Johnson DE, 1984 Analysis of Messy Data, Vol 1: Designed Experiments. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, NY, U.S.A., pp. 3031.
  • 26
    Neter J, Wasserman K, Kutner MH, 1983 Applied Linear Statistical Models: Regression, Analysis of Variance, and Experimental Designs, 2nd Ed. Richard D. Irwin, Inc., Homewood, IL, U.S.A., pp. 582583.
  • 27
    Turner RT, Riggs BL, Spelsberg TC 1994 Skeletal effects of estrogen Endocr Rev 15:275300.
  • 28
    Korach KS 1994 Insights from the study of animals lacking functional estrogen receptor Science 266:15241527.
  • 29
    Sano M, Inoue S, Hosoi T, Ouchi Y, Emi M, Shiraki M, Orimo H 1995 Association of estrogen receptor dinucleotide repeat polymorphism with osteoporosis Biochem Biophys Res Commun 217:378383.
  • 30
    Mahonen A, Turunen A-M, Kroger H, Maenpaa PH 1997 Estrogen receptor gene polymorphism is associated with bone mineral density in perimenopausal Finnish women J Bone Miner Res 12 (Suppl 1):T614.
  • 31
    Langdahl BL, Lokke E, Carstens M, Eriksen EF 1997 Polymorphisms in the estrogen receptor gene show different distributions in osteoporotic patients and normal controls J Bone Miner Res 12 (Suppl 1):S255.
  • 32
    Jorgensen HL, Heegaard AM, Bayer L, Hansen L, Hassager C 1997 PvuII and XbaI restriction fragment length polymorphisms at the estrogen receptor (ER) locus and its relation to bone mineral density (BMD) and bone loss in postmenopausal Danish women J Bone Miner Res 12 (Suppl 1):T612.
  • 33
    Han KO, Moon IG, Choi JT, Kim SW, Yoon HK, Min HK, Han IK 1997 Nonassociation of estrogen receptor genotypes with bone mineral density and bone markers in Korean premenopausal women J Bone Miner Res 12 (Suppl 1):T617.
  • 34
    Han KO, Moon IG, Choi JT, Chung HY, Yoon HK, Min HK, Han IK 1997 Nonassociation of bone density with estrogen receptor genotypes in Korean elderly women J Bone Miner Res 12 (Suppl 1):T618.
  • 35
    Ferrari SL, Rizzoli R, Chevalley T, Slosman D, Eisman JA, Bonjour JP 1995 Vitamin-D-receptor-gene polymorphisms and change in lumbar-spine bone mineral density Lancet 345:423424.
  • 36
    Spector TD, Keen RW, Arden NK, Morrison NA, Major PJ, Nguyen TV, Kelly PJ, Baker JR, Sambrook PN, Lanchbury JS, Eisman JA 1995 Influence of vitamin D receptor genotype on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women: A twin study in Britain Br Med J 310:13571360.
  • 37
    Looney JE, Yoon HK, Fischer M, Farley SM, Farley JR, Wergedal JE, Baylink DJ 1995 Lack of a high prevalence of the BB vitamin D receptor genotype in severely osteoporotic women J Clin Endocrinol Metab 80:21582162.
  • 38
    Garnero P, Borel O, Sornay-Rendu E, Delmas PD 1995 Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms do not predict bone turnover and bone mass in healthy premenopausal women J Bone Miner Res 10:12831288.
  • 39
    Keen RW, Major PJ, Lanchbury JS, Spector TD 1995 Vitamin D-receptor gene polymorphism and bone loss Lancet 345:990.
  • 40
    Garnero P, Olivier B, Sornay-Rendu E, Arlot Delmas P 1996 Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms are not related to bone turnover, rate of bone loss and bone mass in postmenopausal women: The OFELY Study J Bone Miner Res 11:827834.
  • 41
    Barger-Lux MJ, Heaney RP, Hayes J, DeLuca HF, Johnson ML, Gong G 1995 Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism, bone mass, body size, and vitamin D receptor density Calcif Tissue Int 57:161162.
  • 42
    McClure L, Eccleshall TR, Gross C, Villa ML, Lin N, Ramaswamy V, Kohlmeier L, Kelsey JL, Marcus R, Feldman D 1997 Vitamin D receptor polymorphisms, bone mineral density, and bone metabolism in postmenopausal Mexican-American women J Bone Miner Res 12:234240.
  • 43
    Tokita A, Matsumoto H, Morrison NA, Tawa T, Miura Y, Fukamauchi K, Mitsuhashi N, Irimoto M, Yamamori S, Miura M, Watanabe T, Kuwabara Y, Yabuta K, Eisman JA 1996 Vitamin D receptor alleles, bone mineral density and turnover in premenopausal Japanese women J Bone Miner Res 11:10031009.
  • 44
    Uitterlinden AG, Pols HAP, Burger H, Huang Q, van Daele PLA, van Duijn CM, Hofman A, Birkenhager JC, van Leeuwen JPTM 1996 A large-scale population-based study of the association of vitamin D receptor gene polymorphism with bone mineral density J Bone Miner Res 11:12411247.
  • 45
    Jorgensen HL, Scholler J, Sand JC, Bjuring M, Hassager C, Christiansen C 1996 Relation of common allelic variation at vitamin D receptor locus to bone mineral density and postmenopausal bone loss: Cross sectional and longitudinal population study Br Med J 313:586590.
  • 46
    Ewald B, Eun-Kyun S, Richard MW, Thomas L, Dieter SWM, Simon P 1996 Genotypes of the vitamin-D-receptor gene and bone mineral density in Caucasoid postmenopausal women Maturitas 24:9196.
  • 47
    Riggs BL, Nguyen TV, Melton LJ, 3rd Morrison NA, O'Fallon WM, Kelly PJ, Egan KS, Sambrook PN, Muhs JM, Eisman JA 1995 The contribution of vitamin D receptor gene alleles to the determination of bone mineral density in normal and osteoporotic women J Bone Miner Res 10:991996.
  • 48
    Viitanen AM, Karkkainen M, Laitinen K, Lamberg-Allardt C, Kainulainen K, Rasanen L, Viikari J, Valimaki MJ, Kontula K 1996 Common polymorphism of the vitamin D receptor gene is associated with variation of peak bone mass in young Finns Calcif Tissue Int 59:231234.
  • 49
    Krall EA, Parry P, Lichter JB, Dawson-Hughes B 1995 Vitamin D-receptor alleles and rates of bone loss: Influences of years since menopause and calcium intake J Bone Miner Res 10:978984.
  • 50
    Yoon K, Rutledge SJC, Buenaga RF, Rodan GA 1988 Characterization of the rat osteocalcin gene: Stimulation of promoter activity by, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 Biochemistry 27:85218526.
  • 51
    Gennari L, Becherini L, Masi L, Mansani R, Gonnelli S, Cepollaro C, Tanini A, Martini S 1997 Vitamin D and estrogen receptor allelic variants in postmenopausal women: Evidence of an additive effect on bone mineral density J Bone Miner Res 12 (Suppl 1):F581.
  • 52
    Nawata H, Tanaka S, Tanaka S, Takayanagi R, Sakai Y, Yanase T, Ikuyama S, Haji M 1995 Aromatase in bone cell: Association with osteoporosis in postmenopausal women J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 53:165174.
  • 53
    Harada N, Utsumi T, Takagi Y 1993 Tissue-specific expression of the human aromatase cytochrome P450 gene by alternative use of multiple exons I and promoters, and switching of tissue-specific exons I in carcinogenesis Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 90:1131211316.
  • 54
    Byers PH, 1993 Osteogenesis imperfecta. In: RoycePM, SteinmannB, (eds.) Connective Tissues and Its Heritable Disorders. Wiley-Liss, New York, NY, U.S.A., pp. 317350.
  • 55
    Cassella JP, Pereira R, Khillan JS, Prockop DJ, Garrington N, Ali SY 1994 An ultrastructural, microanalytical and spectroscopic study of bone from a transgenic mouse with a COL A1 ro-alpha-1 mutation Bone 15:611619.
  • 56
    Pereira RF, Hume EL, Halford KW, Prockop DJ 1995 Bone fragility in transgenic mich expressing a mutated gene for type I procollagen (COL1A1), parallels the age-dependent phenotype of human osteogenesis imperfecta J Bone Miner Res 10:18371843.
  • 57
    Spotila L, Caminis J, Devoto M, Shimoya K, Sereda L, Ott J, Whyte M, Tenenhouse A, Prockop D 1996 Osteopenia in 37 members of seven families: Analysis based on a model of dominant inheritance Mol Med 2:313324.
  • 58
    Grant SFA, Reid DM, Blake G, Herd R, Fogelman I, Ralston SH 1996 Reduced bone density and osteoporosis associated with a polymorphic Sp1 binding site in the collagen type 1 α 1 gene Nat Genet 14:203205.
  • 59
    Bonadio J, Saunders TL, Tsai E, Goldstein SA, Morris-Wiman J, Brinkley L, Dolan DF, Altschuler RA, Hawkins JE, Bateman JF, Mascara T, Jaenisch R 1990 Transgenic mouse model of the mild dominant form of osteogenesis imperfecta Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 87:71457149.
  • 60
    Uitterlinden AG, Burger H, Huang Q, Grant SFA, Hofman A, Ralston SH, van Leeuwen JPTM, Pols HAP 1997 Collagen Iα1 Sp1 polymorphism predicts bone mass, bone loss and fracture J Bone Miner Res 12 (Suppl 1):S119.
  • 61
    McCloskey EV, Gray RL, Grant SFA, Kanis JA, Luchetti M, di Giovine F, Ralston SH 1997 Colia 1 Sp1 polymorphism and bone mass in elderly women J Bone Miner Res 12 (Suppl 1):S489.
  • 62
    Garnero P, Borel O, Grant SFA, Ralston SH, Delmas PD 1997 Sp1 binding site polymorphism in the collagen type I α1 gene, peak bone mass, postmenopausal bone loss, and bone turnover: The Ofely Study J Bone Miner Res 12 (Suppl 1):S490.