• 1
    Shaker JL, Fallon MD, Goldfarb S, Farber J, Attie MF 1989 WR-2721 reduces bone loss after hindlimb tenotomy in rats J Bone Miner Res 4:885890.
  • 2
    Weinreb M, Rodan GA, Thompson DD 1989 Osteopenia in the immobilized rat hind limb is associated with increased bone resorption and decreased bone formation Bone 10:187194.
  • 3
    Sakai A, Nakamura T, Tsurukami H, Okazaki R, Nishida S, Tanaka Y, Norimura T, Suzuki K 1996 Bone marrow capacity for bone cells and trabecular bone turnover in immobilized tibia after sciatic neurectomy in mice Bone 18:479486.
  • 4
    Keila S, Pitaru S, Grosskopf A, Weinreb M 1994 Bone marrow from mechanically unloaded rat bones expresses reduced osteogenic capacity in vitro J Bone Miner Res 9:321327.
  • 5
    Carmeliet G, Nys G, Stockmans I, Bouillon R 1998 Gene expression related to the differentiation of osteoblastic cells is altered by microgravity Bone 22:139S143S.
  • 6
    Kostenuik PJ, Harris J, Halloran BP, Turner RT, Morey-Holton ER, Bikle DD 1999 Skeletal unloading causes resistance of osteoprogenitor cells to parathyroid hormone and to insulin-like growth factor-I J Bone Miner Res 14:2131.
  • 7
    Lindgren U 1976 The effect of thyroparathyroidectomy: Development of disuse in adult rats Clin Orthop 118:251256.
  • 8
    Weinreb M, Rodan GA, Thompson DD 1991 Immobilization-related bone loss in the rat is increased by calcium deficiency Calcif Tissue Int 48:93100.
  • 9
    Chow JW, Fox S, Jagger CJ, Chambers TJ 1998 Role for parathyroid hormone in mechanical responsiveness of rat bone Am J Physiol 274:E146E154.
  • 10
    Kimmel DB, Bozzato RP, Kronis KA, Coble T, Sindrey D, Kwong P, Recker RR 1993 The effect of recombinant human (1–84) or synthetic human (1–34) parathyroid hormone on the skeleton of adult osteopenic ovariectomized rats Endocrinology 132:15771584.
  • 11
    Okimoto N, Tsurukami H, Okazaki Y, Nishida S, Sakai A, Ohnishi H, Hori M, Yasukawa K, Nakamura T 1998 Effects of a weekly injection of human parathyroid hormone (1–34) and withdrawal on bone mass, strength, and turnover in mature ovariectomized rats Bone 22:523531.
  • 12
    Lane NE, Kimmel DB, Nilsson MH, Cohen FE, Newton S, Nissenson RA, Strewler GJ 1996 Bone-selective analogs of human PTH (1–34) increase bone formation in an ovariectomized rat model J Bone Miner Res 11:614625.
  • 13
    Parfitt AM, Drezner MK, Glorieux FH, Kanis JA, Malluche H, Meunier PJ, Ott SM, Recker RR 1987 Bone histomorphometry: Standardization of nomenclature, symbols, and units. Report of the ASBMR Histomorphometry Nomenclature Committee J Bone Miner Res 2:595610.
  • 14
    Parfitt AM, Mathews CHE, Villanueva AR, Kleerekoper M, Frame B, Rao DS 1983 Relationship between surface, volume, and thickness of iliac trabecular bone in aging and osteoporosis: Implications for the microanatomic and cellular mechanisms of bone loss J Clin Invest 72:13961409.
  • 15
    Maniatopoulos C, Sodek J, Melcher AH 1988 Bone formation in vitro by stromal cells obtained from bone marrow of young rats Cell Tissue Res 254:317330.
  • 16
    Noff D, Pitaru S, Savion N 1989 Basic fibroblast growth factor enhances the capacity of bone marrow cells to form bone-like nodules in vitro FEBS Lett 250:619621.
  • 17
    Pitaru S, Kotev-Emeth S, Noff D, Kaffuler S, Savion N 1993 Effect of basic fibroblast growth factor on the growth and differentiation of adult stromal bone marrow cells: Enhanced development of mineralized bone-like tissue in culture J Bone Miner Res 8:919929.
  • 18
    Takahashi N, Yamana H, Yoshiki S, Roodman GD, Mundy GR, Jones SJ, Boyde A, Suda T 1988 Osteoclast-like cell formation and its regulation by osteotropic hormones in mouse bone marrow cultures Endocrinology 122:13731382.
  • 19
    Worton RG, McCulloch EA, Till JE 1969 Physical separation of hemopoietic stem cells from cells forming colonies in culture J Cell Physiol 74:171182.
  • 20
    Yuan ZZ, Jee WS, Ma YF, Wei W, Ijiri K 1995 Parathyroid hormone therapy accelerates recovery from immobilization-induced osteopenia Bone 17:219S223S.
  • 21
    Ma YF, Jee WS, Ke HZ, Lin BY, Liang XG, Li M, Yamamoto N 1995 Human parathyroid hormone-(1–38) restores cancellous bone to the immobilized, osteopenic proximal tibial metaphysis in rats J Bone Miner Res 10:496505.
  • 22
    Ishizuya T, Yokose S, Hori M, Noda T, Suda T, Yoshiki S, Yamaguchi A 1997 Parathyroid hormone exerts disparate effects on osteoblast differentiation depending on exposure time in rat osteoblastic cells J Clin Invest 99:29612970.
  • 23
    Lindsay R, Nieves J, Formica C, Henneman E, Woelfert L, Shen V, Dempster D, Cosman F 1997 Randomised controlled study of effect of parathyroid hormone on vertebral-bone mass and fracture incidence among postmenopausal women on oestrogen with osteoporosis Lancet 23:550555.
  • 24
    Fuller K, Chambers TJ 1998 Parathyroid hormone induces bone resorption in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells Int J Exp Pathol 79:223233.