SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Nevitt M 1994 Epidemiology of osteoporosis. Rheum Dis Clin North Am 20:535559.
  • 2
    Melton LJ III 1995 How many women have osteoporosis now? J Bone Miner Res 10:175177.
  • 3
    Kanis JA 1994 Assessment of fracture risk and its application to screening for postmenopausal osteoporosis: Synopsis of a WHO report. Osteoporos Int 4:368381.
  • 4
    Heaney RP 1993 Nutritional factors in osteoporosis. Annu Rev Nutr 13:287316.
  • 5
    Sherman H 1920 Calcium requirements of maintenance in man. J Biol Chem 44:2127.
  • 6
    Pullman R, Alving AS, Denn RJ, Landowne M 1954 The influence of dietary protein on specific renal functions in normal man. J Lab Clin Med 44:320332.
  • 7
    Anand CR, Linkswiler HM 1974 Effect of protein intake on calcium balance of young men given 500 mg calcium daily. J Nutr 104:695700.
  • 8
    Johnson NE, Alcantara EN, Linkswiler H 1970 Effect of level of protein intake on urinary and fecal calcium and calcium retention of young adult males. J Nutr 100:14251430.
  • 9
    Margen S, Chu JY, Kaufmann NA, Calloway DH 1974 Studies in calcium metabolism. I. The calciuretic effect of dietary protein. Am J Clin Nutr 27:584589.
  • 10
    Walker RM, Linkswiler HM 1972 Calcium retention in the adult human male as affected by protein intake. J Nutr 102:12971302.
  • 11
    Sebastian A, Harris ST, Ottaway JH, Todd KM, Morris RC Jr 1994 Improved mineral balance and skeletal metabolism in postmenopausal women treated with potassium bicarbonate. N Engl J Med 330:17761781.
  • 12
    Tylavsky FA, Anderson JJ 1988 Dietary factors in bone health of elderly lacto-ovovegetarian and omnivorous women. Am J Clin Nutr 48(Suppl 3):842849.
  • 13
    Abelow BJ, Holford TR, Insogna KL 1992 Cross-cultural association between dietary animal protein and hip fracture: A hypothesis. Calcif Tissue Int 50:1418.
  • 14
    Hunt IF, Murphy NJ, Henderson C, Clark VA, Jacobs RM, Johnston PK, Coulson AH 1989 Bone mineral content in postmenopausal women: Comparison of omnivores and vegetarians. Am J Clin Nutr 50:517523.
  • 15
    Patterson B, Cornell CN, Carbone B, Levine B, Chapman D 1992 Protein depletion and metabolic stress in elderly patients who have a fracture of the hip. Am J Bone Joint Surg 74:251260.
  • 16
    Bonjour J, Schurch MA, Rizzoli R 1996 Nutritional aspect of hip fractures. Bone 18(Suppl 3):139S144S.
  • 17
    Jensen JE, Jensen TG, Smith TK, Johnston DA, Dudrick SJ 1982 Nutrition in orthopaedic surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Am 64:12631272.
  • 18
    Bastow MD, Rawlings J, Allison SP 1983 Undernutrition, hypothermia, and injury in elderly women with fractured femur: An injury response to altered metabolism? Lancet 1:143146.
  • 19
    Dawber T, Meadors, GF, Moore, FEJR 1951 Epidemiological approaches to heart disease: The Framingham Study. Am J Public Health 41:279286.
  • 20
    Dawber T 1980 The Framingham Study. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, U.S.A.
  • 21
    Shurtleff D 1970 The Framingham Study: An epidemiological investigation of cardiovascular disease. In: KannelW, Gordon, T (eds.) U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • 22
    Hannan MT, Felson DT, Anderson JJ 1992 Bone mineral density in elderly men and women: Results from the Framingham Osteoporosis Study. J Bone Miner Res 7:547553.
  • 23
    Hannan M, Felson DT, Dawson-Hughes B, Tucker KL, Cupples LA, Wilson PWF, Kiel DP 2000 Risk factors for longitudinal bone loss in elderly men and women: The Framingham Osteoporosis Study. J Bone Miner Res 15:710720.
  • 24
    Kiel DP, Mercier CA, Dawson-Hughes B, Cali C, Hannan MT, Anderson JJ 1995 The effects of analytic software and scan analysis technique on the comparison of dual X-ray absorptiometry with dual photon absorptiometry of the hip in the elderly. J Bone Miner Res 10:11301136.
  • 25
    Rimm E, Giovannucci EL, Stampfer MJ, Colditz GA, Litin LB, Willett WC 1992 Reproducibility and validity of an expanded self-administered semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire among male health professionals. Am J Epidemiol 135:11141126.
  • 26
    Willett WC, Sampson L, Stampfer MJ, Rosner B, Bain C, Witschi J, Hennekens CH, Speizer FE 1985 Reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Am J Epidemiol 122:5165.
  • 27
    Jacques PF, Sulsky SI, Sadowski JA, Phillips JC, Rush D, Willett WC 1993 Comparison of micronutrient intake measured by a dietary questionnaire and biochemical indicators of micronutrient status. Am J Clin Nutr 57:182189.
  • 28
    Willett W 1990 Nutritional Epidemiology Monographs in Epidemiology & Biostatistics, vol. 13. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, U.S.A.
  • 29
    Kiel DP, Felson DT, Hannan MT, Anderson JJ, Wilson PW 1990 Caffeine and the risk of hip fracture: The Framingham Study. Am J Epidemiol 132:675684.
  • 30
    Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Browner WS, Stone K, Fox KM, Ensrud KE, Cauley J, Black D, Vogt TM 1995 Risk factors for hip fracture in white women. Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. N Engl J Med 332:767773.
  • 31
    Felson DT, Kiel DP, Anderson JJ, Kannel WB 1988 Alcohol consumption and hip fractures: The Framingham Study. Am J Epidemiol 128:11021110.
  • 32
    Felson DT, Zhang Y, Hannan MT, Kannel WB, Kiel DP 1995 Alcohol intake and bone mineral density in elderly men and women. The Framingham Study. Am J Epidemiol 142:485492.
  • 33
    Hannan MT, Felson DT, Anderson JJ, Naimark A 1993 Habitual physical activity is not associated with knee osteoarthritis: The Framingham Study. J Rheumatol 20:704709.
  • 34
    Kannel WB, Sorlie P 1979 Some health benefits of physical activity. The Framingham Study. Arch Intern Med 139:857861.
  • 35
    Felson DT, Zhang Y, Hannan MT, Kiel DP, Wilson PW, Anderson JJ 1993 The effect of postmenopausal estrogen therapy on bone density in elderly women. N Engl J Med 329:11411146.
  • 36
    Willett W, Stampfer MJ 1986 Total energy intake: Implications for epidemiologic analyses. Am J Epidemiol 124:1727.
  • 37
    Smit E, Nieto FJ, Crespo CJ, Mitchell P 1999 Estimates of animal and plant protein intake in U.S. adults: Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1991. J Am Diet Assoc 99:813820.
  • 38
    McDowell M, Briefel RR, Alaimo K, Bischof AM, Caughman CR, Carroll MD, Loria CM, Johnson CL 1994 Energy and macronutrient intakes of persons ages 2 months and over in the United States: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, phase I, 1988-1991. Advance data from Vital and Health Statistics 255. National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD, U.S.A.
  • 39
    Linkswiler HM, Zemel MB, Hegsted M, Schuette S 1981 Protein-induced hypercalciuria. Fed Proc 40:24292433.
  • 40
    Lutz J, Linkswiler HM 1981 Calcium metabolism in postmenopausal and osteoporotic women consuming two levels of dietary protein. Am J Clin Nutr 34:21782186.
  • 41
    Angus RM, Sambrook PN, Pocock NA, Eisman JA 1988 Dietary intake and bone mineral density. Bone Miner 4:265277.
  • 42
    Parfitt AM 1983 Dietary risk factors for age-related bone loss and fractures. Lancet 2:11811185.
  • 43
    Allen LH, Oddoye EA, Margen S 1979 Protein-induced hypercalciuria: A longer term study. Am J Clin Nutr 32:741749.
  • 44
    Massey LK 1993 Dietary factors influencing calcium and bone metabolism: Introduction. J Nutr 123:16091610.
  • 45
    Sowers MR, Wallace RB, Lemke JH 1985 Correlates of mid-radius bone density among postmenopausal women: A community study. Am J Clin Nutr 41:10451053.
  • 46
    Freudenheim JL, Johnson NE, Smith EL 1986 Relationships between usual nutrient intake and bone-mineral content of women 35-65 years of age: Longitudinal and cross-sectional analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 44:863876.
  • 47
    Munger Cerhan JR, Chiu BC 1999 Prospective study of dietary protein intake and risk of hip fracture in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 69:147152.
  • 48
    Hirota T, Nara M, Ohguri M, Manago E, Hirota K 1992 Effect of diet and lifestyle on bone mass in Asian young women. Am J Clin Nutr 55:11681173.
  • 49
    Geinoz G, Rapin CH, Rizzoli R, Kraemer R, Buchs B, Slosman D, Michel JP, Bonjour JP 1993 Relationship between bone mineral density and dietary intakes in the elderly. Osteoporos Int 3:242248.
  • 50
    Delmi M, Rapin CH, Bengoa JM, Delmas PD, Vasey H, Bonjour JP 1990 Dietary supplementation in elderly patients with fractured neck of the femur. Lancet 335:10131016.
  • 51
    Tkatch L, Rapin CH, Rizzoli R, Slosman D, Nydegger V, Vasey H, Bonjour JP 1992 Benefits of oral protein supplementation in elderly patients with fracture of the proximal femur. J Am Coll Nutr 11:519525.
  • 52
    Kerstetter JECD, Mitnick ME, Ellison AF, Gay LF, Liskov T, Carpenter TO, Insogna KL 1997 Increased circulating concentrations of parathyroid hormone in healthy, young women consuming a protein-restricted diet. Am J Clin Nutr 66:11881196.
  • 53
    Kerstetter JE, O'Brien KO, Insogna KL 1998 Dietary protein affects intestinal calcium absorption. Am J Clin Nutr 68:859865.
  • 54
    Schurch MA, Rizzoli R, Slosman D, Vadas L, Vergnaud P, Bonjour JP 1998 Protein supplements increase serum insulin-like growth factor I levels and attenuate proximal femur bone loss in patients with recent hip fracture. Ann Intern Med 128:801809.
  • 55
    Orwoll ES, Weigel RM, Oviatt SK, Meier DE, McClung MR 1987 Serum protein concentrations and bone mineral content in aging normal men. Am J Clin Nutr 46:614621.
  • 56
    Chu JY, Margen S, Costa FM 1975 Studies in calcium metabolism. II. Effects of low calcium and variable protein intake on human calcium metabolism. Am J Clin Nutr 28:10281035.
  • 57
    Campbell WW, Crim MC, Dallal GE, Young VR, Evans WJ 1994 Increased protein requirements in elderly people: New data and retrospective reassessments. Am J Clin Nutr 60:501509.
  • 58
    Gersovitz M, Motil K, Munro HN, Scrimshaw NS, Young VR 1982 Human protein requirements: Assessment of the adequacy of the current recommended dietary allowance for dietary protein in elderly men and women. Am J Clin Nutr 35:614.
  • 59
    Hartz S, Russell RM, Rosenberg IH 1992 Nutrition in the elderly: The Boston nutritional status survey. Smith-Gordon and Company, Ltd., London, U.K.