SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    von der Mark K 1986 Differentiation, modulation, and dedifferentiation of chondrocytes. Rheumatology 10: 272315.
  • 2
    Nah HD, Upholt WB 1991 Type II collagen mRNA containing an alternatively spliced exon predominates in the chick limb prior to chondrogenesis. J Biol Chem 266: 2344623452.
  • 3
    Ryan MC, Sandell LJ 1990 Differential expression of a cysteine-rich domain in the amino-terminal propeptide of type II (cartilage) procollagen by alternative splicing of mRNA. J Biol Chem 265: 1033410339.
  • 4
    Har-El R, Sharma YD, Aguilera A, Ueyama N, Wu JJ, Eyre DR, Juricic L, Chandrasekaran S, Li M, Nah HD 1992 Cloning and developmental expression of the alpha 3 chain of chicken type IX collagen. J Biol Chem 267: 1007010076.
  • 5
    Nah HD, Barembaum M, Upholt WB 1992 The chicken alpha 1 (XI) collagen gene is widely expressed in embryonic tissues. J Biol Chem 267: 2258122586.
  • 6
    Kosher RA, Gay SW, Kamanitz JR, Kulyk WM, Rodgers BJ, Sai S, Tanaka T, Tanzer ML 1986 Cartilage proteoglycan core protein gene expression during limb cartilage differentiation. Dev Biol 118: 112117.
  • 7
    Leboy PS, Vaias L, Uschmann B, Golub E, Adams SL, Pacifici M 1989 Ascorbic acid induces alkaline phosphatase, type X collagen, and calcium deposition in cultured chick chondrocytes. J Biol Chem 264: 1728117286.
  • 8
    Kirsch T, Swoboda B, von der Mark K 1992 Ascorbate independent differentiation of human chondrocytes in vitro: Simultaneous expression of types I and X collagen and matrix mineralization. Differentiation 52: 89100.
  • 9
    Nah HD, Bennett VD, Niu Z, Adams SI 1996 Alternative transcript of the chick alpha 2(I) collagen gene is transiently expressed during endochondral bone formation and during development of the central nervous system. Dev Dyn 206: 146158.
  • 10
    Dunlop LL, Hall BK 1995 Relationships between cellular condensation, preosteoblast formation and epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in initiation of osteogenesis. Int J Dev Biol 39: 357371.
  • 11
    Hall BK, Miyake T 1992 The membranous skeleton: the role of cell condensations in vertebrate skeletogenesis. Anat Embryol 186: 107124.
  • 12
    Thompson TJ, Owens PD, Wilson DJ 1989 Intramembranous osteogenesis and angiogenesis in the chick embryo. J Anat 166: 5565.
  • 13
    Zhou H, Choong P, McCarthy R, Chou ST, Martin TJ, Ng KW 1994 In situ hybridization to show sequential expression of osteoblast gene markers during bone formation in vivo. J Bone Miner Res 9: 14891499.
  • 14
    Jingushi S, Joyce ME, Bolander ME 1992 Genetic expression of extracellular matrix proteins correlates with histologic changes during fracture repair. J Bone Miner Res 7: 10451055.
  • 15
    Neugebauer BM, Moore MA, Broess M, Gerstenfeld LC, Hauschka PV 1995 Characterization of structural sequences in the chicken osteocalcin gene: expression of osteocalcin by maturing osteoblasts and by hypertrophic chondrocytes in vitro. J Bone Miner Res 10: 157163.
  • 16
    Aubin JE, Turksen K, Heersche JNM 1993 Osteoblastic cell lineage. In: NodaM. (ed) Cellular and Molecular Biology of Bone, Academic Press, San Diego, CA, U.S.A., pp. 145
  • 17
    Precious DS, Hall BK 1994 Repair of fractured membrnous bone. In: HallBK. (ed) Bone: Differentiation and Morphogenesis of Bone. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, U.S.A., pp. 145163
  • 18
    Jacenko O, Tuan RS 1986 Calcium deficiency induces expression of cartilage-like phenotype in chick embryonic calvaria. Dev Biol 115: 215232.
  • 19
    Jacenko O, Tuan RS 1995 Chondrogenic potential of chick embryonic calvaria: I. Low calcium permits cartilage differentiation. Dev Dyn 202: 1326.
  • 20
    Hall BK 1986 The role of movement and tissue interactions in the development and growth of bone and secondary cartilage in the clavicle of the embryonic chick. J Embryol Exp Morphol 93: 133152.
  • 21
    Ben-Ami Y, von der M, Franzen A, de Bernard B, Lunazzi GC, Silbermann M 1993 Transformation of fetal secondary cartilage into embryonic bone in organ cultures of human mandibular condyles. Cell Tissue Res 271: 317322.
  • 22
    Hall BK 1967 The formation of adventitious cartilage by membrane bones under the influence of mechanical stimulation applied in vitro. Life Sci 6: 663667.
  • 23
    Fang J, Hall BK 1996 In vitro differentiation potential of the periosteal cells from a membrane bone, the quadratojugal of the embryonic chick. Dev Biol 180: 701712.
  • 24
    Rifas L, Uitto J, Memoli VA, Kuettner KE, Henry RW, Peck WA 1982 Selective emergence of differentiated chondrocytes during serum-free culture of cells derived from fetal rat calvaria. J Cell Biol 92: 493504.
  • 25
    Toma CD, Schaffer JL, Meazzini MC, Zurakowski D, Nah HD, Gerstenfeld LC 1997 Developmental restriction of embryonic calvarial cell populations as characterized by their in vitro potential for chondrogenic differentiation. J Bone Miner Res 12: 20242039.
  • 26
    Asahina I, Sampath TK, Nishimura I, Hauschka PV 1993 Human osteogenic protein-1 induces both chondroblastic and osteoblastic differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells derived from newborn rat calvaria. J Cell Biol 123: 921933.
  • 27
    Basic N, Basic V, Bulic K, Grgic M, Kleinman HK, Luyten FP, Vukicevic S 1996 TGF-beta and basement membrane matrigel stimulate the chondrogenic phenotype in osteoblastic cells derived from fetal rat calvaria. J Bone Miner Res 11: 384391.
  • 28
    Grigoriadis AE, Heersche JN, Aubin JE 1988 Differentiation of muscle, fat, cartilage, and bone from progenitor cells present in a bone-derived clonal cell population: Effect of dexamethasone. J Cell Biol 106: 21392151.
  • 29
    Sandell LJ, Nalin AM, Reife RA 1994 Alternative splice form of type II procollagen mRNA (IIA) is predominant in skeletal precursors and non-cartilaginous tissues during early mouse development. Dev Dyn 199: 129140.
  • 30
    Thorogood P, Bee J, von der Mark K 1986 Transient expression of collagen type II at epitheliomesenchymal interfaces during morphogenesis of the cartilaginous neurocranium. Dev Biol 116: 497509.
  • 31
    Cheah KS, Lau ET, Au PK, Tam PP 1991 Expression of the mouse alpha 1(II) collagen gene is not restricted to cartilage during development. Development 111: 945953.
  • 32
    Ng LJ, Tam PP, Cheah KS 1993 Preferential expression of alternatively spliced mRNAs encoding type II procollagen with a cysteine-rich amino-propeptide in differentiating cartilage and nonchondrogenic tissues during early mouse development. Dev Biol 159: 403417.
  • 33
    Bellows CG, Aubin JE 1989 Determination of numbers of osteoprogenitors present in isolated fetal rat calvaria cells in vitro. Dev Biol 133: 813.
  • 34
    Bellows CG, Heersche JN, Aubin JE 1989 Effects of dexamethasone on expression and maintenance of cartilage in serum-containing cultures of calvaria cells. Cell Tissue Res 256: 145151.
  • 35
    Grigoriadis AE, Petkovich PM, Ber R, Aubin JE, Heersche, JN 1985 Subclone heterogeneity in a clonally-derived osteoblast-like cell line. Bone 6: 249256.
  • 36
    Chomczynski P, Sacchi N 1987 Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction. Anal Biochem 162: 156159.
  • 37
    Nah HD, Rodgers BJ, Kulyk WM, Kream BE, Kosher RA, Upholt WB 1988 In situ hybridization analysis of the expression of the type II collagen gene in the developing chicken limb bud. Collagen Rel Res 8: 277294.
  • 38
    LuValle P, Ninomiya Y, Rosenblum ND, Olsen BR 1988 The type X collagen gene. Intron sequences split the 5′-untranslated region and separate the coding regions for the non-collagenous amino-terminal and triple-helical domains. J Biol Chem 263: 1837818385.
  • 39
    Tanaka T, Har-El R, Tanzer ML 1988 Partial structure of the gene for chicken cartilage proteoglycan core protein. J Biol Chem 263: 1583115835.
  • 40
    Gilman M 1987 Preparation and analysis of RNA. In: AusubelFM, BrentR, KingstonRE, MoreDD, SeidmanJG, SmithJA, StruhlK.(eds) Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, U.S.A., pp. 4.7.14.7.8
  • 41
    Shimokomaki M, Duance VC, Bailey AJ 1980 Identification of a new disulphide bonded collagen from cartilage. FEBS Lett 121: 5154.
  • 42
    Kirsch T, von der Mark K 1990 Isolation of bovine type X collagen and immunolocalization in growth-plate cartilage. Biochem J 265: 453459.
  • 43
    Holmdahl R, Rubin K, Klareskog L, Larsson E, Wigzell H 1986 Characterization of the antibody response in mice with type II collagen-induced arthritis, using monoclonal anti-type II collagen antibodies. Arthritis Rheum 29: 400410.
  • 44
    Adams SL, Pallante KM, Niu Z, Leboy PS, Golden EB, Pacifici M 1991 Rapid induction of type X collagen gene expression in cultured chick vertebral chondrocytes. Exp Cell Res 193: 190197.
  • 45
    Linsenmayer TF, Hendrix MJ, Little CD 1979 Production and characterization of a monoclonal antibody to chicken type I collagen. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 76: 37033707.
  • 46
    Linsenmayer TF, Hendrix MJ 1980 Monoclonal antibodies to connective tissue macromolecules: Type II collagen. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 92: 440446.
  • 47
    Pacifici M, Soltesz R, Thal G, Shanley DJ, Boettiger D, Holtzer H 1983 Immunological characterization of the major chick cartilage proteoglycan and its intracellular localization in cultured chondroblasts: A comparison with type II procollagen. J Cell Biol 97: 17241736.
  • 48
    Nah HD, Swoboda B, Koyama E, Suh JY, Croll-Halpern W, Kirsch T 1998 Reexpression of type IIA procollagen in adult osteoarthritic cartilage. Matrix Biol 17: 159.(Abstr.).
  • 49
    Gerstenfeld LC, Chipman SD, Glowacki J, Lian JB 1987 Expression of differentiated function by mineralizing cultures of chicken osteoblasts. Dev Biol 122: 4960.
  • 50
    Blanck TJ, Peterkofsky B 1975 The stimulation of collagen secretion by ascorbate as a result of increased proline hydroxylation in chick embryo fibroblasts. Arch Biochem Biophy 171: 259267.
  • 51
    Beresford WA 1981 Secondary cartilages I. In BeresfordWA (ed.) Chondroid Bone, Secondary Cartilage and Metaplasia, Urban & Schwarzenberg, Baltimore, MD, U.S.A., pp. 2348
  • 52
    Wong M, Tuan RS 1995 Interactive cellular modulation of chondrogenic differentiation in vitro by subpopulations of chick embryonic calvarial cells. Dev Biol 167: 130147.
  • 53
    Lengele B, Schowing J, Dhem A 1996 Chondroid tissue in the early facial morphogenesis of the chick embryo. Anat Embryol 193: 505513.
  • 54
    Bruckner P, van der Rest M 1994 Structure and function of cartilage collagens. Microsc Res Tech 28: 378384.
  • 55
    Roughley PJ, Lee ER 1994 Cartilage proteoglycans: Structure and potential functions. Microsc Res Tech 28: 385397.
  • 56
    Pennypacker JP, Goetinck PF 1976 Biochemical and ultrastructural studies of collagen and proteochondroitin sulfate in normal and nanomelic cartilage. Dev Biol 50: 3547.
  • 57
    Wong M, Lawton T, Goetinck PF, Kuhn JL, Goldstein SA, Bonadio J 1992 Aggrecan core protein is expressed in membranous bone of the chick embryo. Molecular and biomechanical studies of normal and nanomelia embryos. J Biol Chem 267: 55925598.
  • 58
    Mundlos S, Olsen BR 1997 Heritable diseases of the skeleton. Part II: Molecular insights into skeletal development-matrix components and their homeostasis. FASEB J 11: 227233.