SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Schenk RK, Spiro D, Viener J 1967 Cartilage resorption in the tibial epiphyseal plate of growing rats. J Biol Chem 34: 275290.
  • 2
    Descalzi Cancedda F, Melchiori A, Benelli R, Gentili C, Masiello L, Campanile G, Cancedda R, Albini A 1995 Production of angiogenesis inhibitors and stimulators is modulated by cultured growth plate chondrocytes during in vitro differentiation: Dependence on extracellular matrix assembly. Eur J Cell Biol 66: 6068.
  • 3
    Alini M, Marriott S, Chen T, Abe S, Poole AR 1996 A novel angiogenic molecule produced at the time of chondrocyte hypertrophy during endochondral bone formation. Dev Biol 176: 124132.
  • 4
    Brown RA, McFarland CD 1992 Regulation of growth plate cartilage degradation in vitro: effects of calcification and low molecular weight angiogenic factor (ESAF). J Bone Miner Res 17: 4957.
  • 5
    Vu TH, Shipley JM, Bergers G, Berger JE, Helms JA, Hanahan D, Shapiro SD, Senior RM, Werb Z 1998 MMP-9/Gelatinase B is a key regulator of growth plate angiogenesis and apoptosis of hypertrophic chondrocytes. Cell 93: 411422.
  • 6
    Rooney P, Wang M, Kumar P, Kumar S 1993 Angiogenic oligosaccharides of hyaluronan enhance the production of collagens by endothelial cells. J Cell Sci 105: 213218.
  • 7
    Tada K, Fukunaga T, Wakabayashi Y, Masumi S, Sato Y, Izumi H, Kohno K, Kuwano M 1994 Inhibition of tubular morphogenesis in human microvascular endothelial cells by co-culture with chondrocytes and involvement of transforming growth factor beta: A model for avascularity in human cartilage. Biochim Biophys Acta 1201: 135142.
  • 8
    Aharinejad S, Marks SC, Bock P, Mason-Savas Am, MacKay CA, Larson E, Jackson ME, Luftensteiner M, Wiesbauer E 1995 CSF-1 treatment promotes angiogenesis in the metaphysis of osteopetrotic rats. Bone 16: 315324.
  • 9
    Bittner K, Vischer P, Bartholmes P, Bruckner P 1998 Role of the subchondral vascular system in endochondral ossification: Endothelial cells specifically derepress late differentiation in resting chondrocytes in vitro. Exp Cell Res 238: 491497.
  • 10
    Terman BI, Vermazen MD, Carrion ME, Dimitrov D, Armellino DC, Gospodarowicz D, Neufeld GJ 1992 Identification of the KDR tyrosine kinase as receptor for vascular endothelial cell growth factor. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 34: 15781586.
  • 11
    De Vries C, Escobedo J, Ueno H, Houck K, Ferrara N, Lewis LT 1992 The fms-like tyrosine kinase a receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor. Science 255: 989991.
  • 12
    Goad DL, Rubin J, Wang H, Tashjian AH, Patterson C 1996 Enhanced expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in human SaOS-2 osteoblast-like cells and murine osteoblasts induced by insulin-like growth factor I. Endocrinology 137: 22622268.
  • 13
    Harada S, Nagy JA, Sullivan KA, Thomas KA, Endo N, Rodan GA, Rodan SB 1994 Induction of vascular endothelial growth factor expression by prostaglandin E1 and E2 in osteoblasts. J Clin Invest 93: 24902496.
  • 14
    Wang DS, Yamazaki K, Nohtomi K, Shizume K, Ohsumi K, Shibuya M, Demura H, Sato K 1996 Increase of vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA expression by 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 in human osteoblast-like cells. J Bone Miner Res 11: 472479.
  • 15
    Wang DS, Miura M, Demura H, Sato H 1997 Anabolic effects of 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 on osteoblasts are enhanced by Vascular endothelial growth factor produced by osteoblasts and by growth factors produced by endothelial cells. Endocrinology 138: 29532962.
  • 16
    Midy V, Plouet J 1994 Vasculotropin/Vascular endothelial growth factor induces differentiation in cultured osteoblasts. Biochem Biohys Res Comm 199: 380386.
  • 17
    Emery JL, Kalpaktsoglou PK 1967 The costochondral junction during later stages of intrauterine life, and abnormal growth patterns found in association with perinatal death. Arch Dis Child 42: 113.
  • 18
    Carrascosa A, Audi L, Ballabriga A 1985 Morphologic and metabolic development of human fetal epiphyseal chondrocytes in primary culture. Pediatr Res 19: 720727.
  • 19
    Kirsch T, Von der Mark K 1992 Remodelling of collagen types I, II and X and calcification of human fetal cartilage. Bone Miner 18: 107117.
  • 20
    Morii K, Tanaka R, Washiyama K, Kumanishi T, Kumano R 1993 Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in capillary hemangioblastoma. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 194: 749755.
  • 21
    Abedi H, Zachary I 1997 Vascular endothelial growth factor stimulates tyrosine phosphorylation and recruitment to new focal adhesions of focal adhesion and paxillin in endothelial cells. J Biol Chem 272: 1544215451.
  • 22
    Horner A, Kemp P, Summers C, Bord S, Bishop NJ, Kelsall AW, Coleman N, Compston JE 1998 Expression and distribution of transforming growth factor-β isoforms and their signaling receptors in growing human bone. Bone 23: 95102.
  • 23
    Jingushi S, Joyce ME, Flanders KC, Hjelmeland L, Roberts AB, Sporn MB, Muniz O, Howell D, Dean D, Ryan U, Bolander ME 1990 Distribution of acidic fibroblast growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and transforming growth factor β1 in rat growth plate. In: CohnDV, GlorieuxFH, MartinTJ (eds.) Calcium Regulation and Bone Metabolism Basic and Clinical Aspects. Elsevier, Amsterdam, New York, NY, pp. 298303
  • 24
    Shifren JL, Doldi N, Ferrara N, Mesiano S, Jaffe R 1994 In the human fetus, vascular endothelial growth factor is expressed in epithelial cells and myocytes, but not vascular endothelium: Implications for mode and action. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 79: 316322.
  • 25
    Carmeliet P, Ferreira V, Breier G, Pollefeyt S, Kieckens L, Gertsenstein M, Fahrig M, Vandenhoeck A 1996 Abnormal blood vessel development and lethality in embryos lacking a single VEGF allele. Nature 380: 435439.
  • 26
    Tischer E, Mitchell R, Hartman T, Silva M, Gospodarowicz D, Fiddes JC, Abraham JA 1991 The human gene for vascular endothelial growth factor. J Biol Chem 266: 1194711954.
  • 27
    Ferrara N, Davis-Smyth T 1997 The biology of vascular endothelial growth factor. Endocr Rev 18: 425.
  • 28
    Flamme I, von Reutern M, Drexker HC, Syed-Ali S, Risau W 1995 Overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor in the avian embryo induces hypervascularization and increased vascular permeability without alterations of embryonic pattern formation. Dev Biol 171: 399414.