SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Bookstein FL 1981 Looking at mibular growth: Some new geometric methods. In: CarlsonDS (ed.) Craniofacial Biology, Monograph 10. Center for Human GrowthDevelopment, Ann Arbor, MI, U.S.A., pp. 83103.
  • 2
    Enlow DH 1990 Facial Growth. W B Publisher, Philadelphia, PA, U.S.A.
  • 3
    Bentzen SM, Hvid I, Jorgensen J 1987 Mechanical strength of tibial trabecular bone evaluated by x-ray computed tomography. J Biomech 20: 743752.
  • 4
    Bouvier M, Hylander WL 1996 The mechanical or metabolic function of secondary osteonal bone in the monkey. Archs Oral Biol 41: 941950.
  • 5
    Carter DR, Hayes WC 1976 Bone compressive strength: The influence of density and strain rate. Science 194: 11741176.
  • 6
    Faulkner KG, Cann CE, Hasegawa BH 1991 Effect of bone distribution in vertebral strength assessment with patient-specific non-linear finite element analysis. Radiology 179: 669674.
  • 7
    Bhasin S, Sartoris DJ, Fellingham L 1988 Three-dimensional quantitative CT of the proximal femur: Relationship to vertebral trabecular bone density in postmenopausal women. Radiology 167: 145149.
  • 8
    Maki K, Okano T, Morohashi T, Yamada S, Shibasaki Y 1997 The application of three-dimensional quantitative computed tomography to the maxillofacial skeleton. J Dent Maxillofac Radiol 26: 3944.
  • 9
    Ruegsegger P, Steiger P, Felder M 1988 Quantitative computed tomography of the rheumatic knee. Clin Rheumatol 7: 486491.
  • 10
    Korioth TWP, Romilly DP, Hannam AG 1992 Three-dimensional finite element stress analysis of the dentate human mandible. Am J Phys Anthropol 88: 6996.
  • 11
    Moss ML, Skalak R, Patel H 1985 Finite element method modeling of craniofacial growth. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 87: 453472.
  • 12
    Hannam AG 1997 Jaw muscle structurefunction. In: McNeill, C (ed.) SciencePractice of Occlusion. Quintessence Publishing Co., Chicago, IL, U.S.A., pp. 4149.
  • 13
    Roberts WE, Hohlt WF, Arbuckle GR 1997 The supporting structuresdental adaptation. In: McNeillC (ed.) SciencePractice of Occlusion. Quintessence Publishing Co., Chicago, IL, U.S.A., pp. 7994.
  • 14
    Hyler WL, Johnson KR 1997 In vivo bone strain patterns in the craniofacial region of primates. In: McNeillC (ed.) SciencePractice of Occlusion. Quintessence Publishing Co., Chicago, IL, U.S.A., pp. 165178.
  • 15
    Herring SW, Lakars TC 1981 Craniofacial development in the absence of muscle contraction. J Craniofac Genet Dev Biol 1: 341357.
  • 16
    Vilmann H, Juhl M, Kirkeby S 1985 Bone-muscle interactions in the muscular dystrophic mouse. Eur J Orthod 7: 185192.
  • 17
    Mittlmeier T, Mattheck C, Dietrich F 1994 Effects of mechanical loading on the profile of human femoral diaphyseal geometry. Med Eng Phys 16: 7581.
  • 18
    Dechow PC, Carlson DS 1997 Development of the mibular form: Phylogeny, ontogeny, function. In: McNeillC (ed.) SciencePractice of Occlusion. Quintessence Publishing Co., Chicago, IL, U.S.A., pp. 322.
  • 19
    Broadbent BH 1937 The face of the normal child. Angle Orthod 7: 209233.
  • 20
    Moyers RE, Bookstein FL 1979 The inappropriateness of conventional cephalometrics. Am J Orthod 75: 599617.
  • 21
    Lang TF, Keyak MW, Heitz MW 1997 Volumetric quantitative computed tomography of the proximal femur: Precision and relation to bone strength. Bone 21: 101108.
  • 22
    Miller AJ, Cann CE, Nielsen IL, Roda G 1988 Craniomandibular bone density in the primate as assessed by computed tomography. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 93: 117125.
  • 23
    Louis O, van den Winkel P, Covens P, Schoutens A, Osteaux M 1993 Size of cortical bone and relationship to bone mineral density assessed by quantitative computed tomography image segmentation. Invest Radiol 28: 802805.
  • 24
    Burr DB 1997 Muscle strength, bone mass, and age-related bone loss. J Bone Miner Res 12: 15471551.
  • 25
    Carter DR, Orr TE, Fyhrie DP, Whalen RT, Shurman DJ 1987 Mechanical stressskeletal morphogenesis, maintenance, degeneration. In: CarterDR (ed.) Transactions of the Orthopaedic Research Society, vol. 12. Adept Printing, Chicago, IL, U.S.A., p. 462.
  • 26
    Slemenda CW, Reister TK, Hui SL, Miller JZ, Christian JC, Johnston CC 1994 Influences on skeletal mineralization in children and adolescents: Evidence for varying effects of sexual maturation and physical activity. J Pediatr 125: 201207.
  • 27
    Sievanen H, Heinonen A, Kannus P 1996 Adaptation of bone to altered loading environment: A biomechanical approach using X-ray absorptiometric data from the patella of a young woman. Bone 19: 5559.
  • 28
    Von Wowern N, Hjorting-Hansen E 1991 The mandibular bone mineral content in relation to vestibulolingual sulculoplasty. J Prosthet Dent 65: 804808.
  • 29
    Whalen RT, Carter DR, Steele CR 1987 The relationship between physical activitybone density. In: CarterDR (ed.) Transactions of the Orthopaedic Research Society, vol. 12. Adept Printing, Chicago, U.S.A., p. 463.
  • 30
    Frost HM 1987 The mechanostat: A proposed pathogenic mechanism of osteoporosis and the bone mass effects of mechanical and nonmechanical agents. Bone Miner 2: 7385.
  • 31
    Martin RB, Burr DB 1989 Structure, FunctionAdaptation of Compact Bone. Raven Press, New York, NY, U.S.A.
  • 32
    Westerlind KC, Wronksi TJ, Ritman EL, Luo Z-P, An K-N, Bell NH, Turner RT 1997 Estrogen regulates the rate of bone turnover but bone balance in ovariectomized rats is modulated by prevailing mechanical stain. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94: 41994204.
  • 33
    Schiessl H, Frost HM, Jee WSS 1998 Estrogen and bone-muscle strength and mass relationships. Bone 22: 16.
  • 34
    Schonau E, Werhahn E, Schiedermaier U, Mokow E, Shiessl H, Scheidhauer K, Michalk D 1996 Influence of muscle strength on bone strength during childhood and adolescence. Horm Res 45(Suppl 1): 6366.
  • 35
    Klemetti E, Vainio P, Lassila V 1994 Mineral density in the mandibles of partially and totally edentate postmenopausal women. Scand J Dent Res 102: 6467.
  • 36
    Kroger H, Kotaniemi A, Kroger L, Alhava E 1993 Development of bone mass and bone density of the spine and femoral neck—a prospective study of 65 children and adolescents. Bone Miner 23: 171182.
  • 37
    Von Wowern N 1986 Bone Mass of Mibles. Royal Dental College, Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • 38
    Ott SM, O'Hanlan M, Lipkin EW, Newell-Morris L 1997 Evaluation of vertebral volumetric vs. areal bone mineral density during growth. Bone 20: 553556.
  • 39
    Korioth TWP, Hannam AG 1994 Deformation of the human jaw during simulated tooth clenching. J Dent Res 73: 5666.