This study tested the hypothesis that a unique osteoclastic transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP-oc) is involved in osteoclastic resorption by determining whether suppression of PTP-oc expression with a specific phosphorothioated 20-mer PTP-oc antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (oligo) would inhibit basal, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3]-stimulated, and PTH-stimulated osteoclastic resorption. Treatment of rabbit osteoclasts with 1 μM of the antisense oligo for up to 4 days showed a time-dependent reduction in PTP-oc protein level, indicating that this PTP-oc antisense oligo was effective. To assess the effect of PTP-oc antisense oligo on osteoclastic resorption, rabbit osteoclasts were pretreated for 3 days with 1 μM of the antisense, a scramble oligo, or vehicle, respectively, followed by a 3-day treatment with vehicle, 10 nM of 1,25(OH)2D3, or 10 nM of parathyroid hormone (PTH). 1,25(OH)2D3 and PTH each alone increased PTP-oc cellular level and stimulated resorptive activity of rabbit osteoclasts. The antisense oligo treatment, but not the scramble oligo, decreased the basal and the stimulated resorption activity and reduced the PTP-oc protein level. Treatment with the PTP-oc antisense oligo, but not the scramble oligo, also markedly increased the Y527 phosphorylation level of c-src in rabbit osteoclasts. In conclusion, these results provide the first antisense oligo evidence that PTP-oc plays an essential role in osteoclastic resorption.