• 1
    Ryan LM, McCarty DJ 1997 Calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease, pseudogout, articular chondrocalcinosis. In: KoopmanWJ (ed.) Arthritis and Allied Conditions, 13th ed., vol. 2. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, MD, USA, pp. 21032125.
  • 2
    Silcox DC, McCarty DJ Jr 1974 Elevated inorganic pyrophosphate concentrations in synovial fluids in osteoarthritis and pseudogout. J Lab Clin Med 83:518531.
  • 3
    Rachow JW, Ryan LM, McCarty DJ, Halverson PB 1988 Synovial fluid inorganic pyrophosphate concentration and nucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase activity in basic calcium phosphate deposition arthropathy and Milwaukee shoulder syndrome. Arthritis Rheum 31:408413.
  • 4
    Ryan LM, Rachow JW, McCarty DJ 1991 Synovial fluid ATP: A potential substrate for the production of inorganic pyrophosphate. J Rheumatol 18:716720.
  • 5
    Ryan LM, Rachow JW, McCarty BA, McCarty DJ 1996 Adenosine triphosphate levels in human plasma. J Rheumatol 23:214219.
  • 6
    Ryan LM, Cheung HS, McCarty DJ 1981 Release of pyrophosphate by normal mammalian articular hyaline and fibrocartilage in organ culture. Arthritis Rheum 24:15221527.
  • 7
    Rosenthal AK, McCarty BA, Cheung HS, Ryan LM 1993 A comparison of the effect of transforming growth factor beta 1 on pyrophosphate elaboration from various articular tissues. Arthritis Rheum 36:539542.
  • 8
    Rachow JW, Ryan LM 1985 Adenosine triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase and neutral inorganic pyrophosphatase in pathologic joint fluids. Elevated pyrophosphohydrolase in calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease. Arthritis Rheum 28:12831288.
  • 9
    Tenenbaum J, Muniz O, Schumacher HR, Good AE, Howell DS 1981 Comparison of phosphohydrolase activities from articular cartilage in calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease and primary osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 24:492500.
  • 10
    Masuda I, Hamada J, Haas AL, Ryan LM, McCarty DJ 1995 A unique ectonucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase associated with porcine chondrocyte-derived vesicles. J Clin Invest 95:699704.
  • 11
    Masuda I, Halligan BD, Barbieri JT, Haas AL, Ryan LM, McCarty DJ 1997 Molecular cloning and expression of a porcine chondrocyte nucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase. Gene 197:277287.
  • 12
    Masuda I, Cardenal A, Ono W, Hamada J, Haas AL, McCarty DJ 1997 Nucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase in human synovial fluid. J Rheumatol 24:15881594.
  • 13
    Masuda I, Ryan LM, McCarty DJ 1999 Inorganic pyrophosphate metabolism. In: SmythCJ, HolersVM (eds.) Gout, Hyperuricemia, and Other Crystal-Associated Arthropathies. Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, pp. 359367.
  • 14
    Lorenzo P, Neame P, Sommarin Y, Heinegard D 1998 Cloning and deduced amino acid sequence of a novel cartilage protein (CILP) identifies a proform including a nucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase. J Biol Chem 273:2346923475.
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    Lorenzo P, Bayliss MT, Heinegard D 1998 A novel cartilage protein (CILP) present in the mid-zone of human articular cartilage increases with age. J Biol Chem 273:2346323468.
  • 16
    Huang R, Rosenbach M, Vaughn R, Provvedini D, Rebbe N, Hickman S, Goding J, Terkeltaub R 1994 Expression of the murine plasma cell nucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase PC-1 is shared by human liver, bone, and cartilage cells. Regulation of PC-1 expression in osteosarcoma cells by transforming growth factor-beta. J Clin Invest 94:560567.
  • 17
    Goding JW, Terkeltaub R, Maurice M, Deterre P, Sali A, Belli SI 1998 Ecto-phosphodiesterase/pyrophosphatase of lymphocytes and non-lymphoid cells: Structure and function of the PC-1 family. Immunol Rev 161:1126.
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    Cardenal A, Masuda I, Haas AL, McCarty DJ 1996 Specificity of a porcine 127-kd nucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase for articular tissues. Arthritis Rheum 39:245251.
  • 19
    Rosenthal AK, Ryan LM 1994 Ageing increases growth factor-induced inorganic pyrophosphate elaboration by articular cartilage. Mech Ageing Dev 75:3544.
  • 20
    Rosen F, Quach J, Solan J, Terkeltaub R, Seegmiller JE, Lotz M 1997 Differential effects of aging on human chondrocyte responses to transforming growth factor beta: Increased pyrophosphate production and decreased cell proliferation. Arthritis Rheum 40:12751281.
  • 21
    Hayashi M, Ninomiya Y, Parsons J, Hayashi K, Olsen BR, Trelstad RL 1986 Differential localization of mRNAs of collagen types I and II in chick fibroblasts, chondrocytes, and corneal cells by in situ hybridization using cDNA probes. J Cell Biol 102:23022309.
  • 22
    Iyama K, Ninomiya Y, Olsen BR, Linsenmayer TF, Trelstad RL, Hayashi M 1991 Spatiotemporal pattern of type X collagen gene expression and collagen deposition in embryonic chick vertebrae undergoing endochondral ossification. Anat Rec 229:462472.
  • 23
    Cheung HS, Ryan LM 1981 A method for determining DNA and chondrocyte content of articular cartilage. Anal Biochem 116:9397.
  • 24
    Maniatis T, Fritsch EF, Sambrook J 1992 Extraction purification, and analysis of messenger RNA from eukaryotic cells. In: Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd ed. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York, NY, USA, pp. 7.27.11.
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    Feinberg AP, Vogelstein B 1983 A technique for radiolabeling DNA restriction endonuclease fragments to high specific activity. Anal Biochem 132:613.
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    Ali SY, Griffiths S 1983 Formation of calcium phosphate crystals in normal and osteoarthritic cartilage. Ann Rheum Dis 42(Suppl 1):4548.
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    Lotz M, Rosen F, McCabe G, Quach J, Blanco F, Dudler J, Solan J, Goding J, Seegmiller JE, Terkeltaub R 1995 Interleukin 1 beta suppresses transforming growth factor-induced inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) production and expression of the PPi- generating enzyme PC-1 in human chondrocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92:1036410368.
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    Harahap AR, Goding JW 1988 Distribution of the murine plasma cell antigen PC-1 in non-lymphoid tissues. J Immunol 141:23172320.
  • 29
    Register TC, Wuthier RE 1985 Effect of pyrophosphate and two diphosphonates on 45Ca and 32Pi uptake and mineralization by matrix vesicle-enriched fractions and by hydroxyapatite. Bone 6:307312.
  • 30
    Derfus BA, Rachow JW, Mandel NS, Boskey AL, Buday M, Kushnaryov VM, Ryan LM 1992 Articular cartilage vesicles generate calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate-like crystals in vitro. Arthritis Rheum 35:231240.
  • 31
    Cardenal A, Masuda I, Haas AL, Ono W, McCarty DJ 1996 Identification of a nucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase from articular tissues in human serum. Arthritis Rheum 39:252256.
  • 32
    Siegel SA, Hummel CF, Carty RP 1983 The role of nucleoside triphosphate pyrophosphohydrolase in vitro nucleoside triphosphate-dependent matrix vesicle calcifications. J Biol Chem 258:86018607.
  • 33
    Johnson K, Moffa A, Chen Y, Pritzker K, Goding J, Terkeltaub R 1999 Matrix vesicle plasma cell membrane glycoprotein-1 regulates mineralization by murine osteoblastic MC3T3 cells. J Bone Miner Res 14:883892.
  • 34
    Hirose J, Masuda I, Ryan LM 2000 Expression of cartilage intermediate layer protein/nucleotide pyrophosphohydrolase parallels the production of extracellular inorganic pyrophosphate in response to growth factors and with aging. Arthritis Rheum 43:27032711.