SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Seeley DJ, Browner WS, Genant HK, Nevitt MC, Scott JC, Cummings SR 1991 Which fractures are associated with low appendicular bone mass in elderly women? Ann Intern Med 115:837842.
  • 2
    Lauritzen JB, Schwarz P, Lund B, McNair P, Transbol I 1993 Changing incidence and residual lifetime risk of common osteoporosis-related fractures. Osteoporos Int 3:127132.
  • 3
    Clifford PC 1980 Fractures of the neck of humerus: A review of late results. Injury 12:991995.
  • 4
    Mills HJ, Horne G 1985 Fractures of the proximal humerus in adults. J Trauma 25:801805.
  • 5
    Lippuner K, von Overbeck J, Perrelet R, Bosshard H, Jaeger P 1997 Incidence and direct medical costs of hospitalisations due to osteoporotic fractures in Switzerland. Osteoporos Int 7:414425.
  • 6
    Cummings SR 1985 Are patients with hip fractures more osteoporotic? Review of evidence. Am J Med 78:487494.
  • 7
    Melton LJ III, Eddy DM, Johnston CC Jr 1990 Screening for osteoporosis. Ann Intern Med 112:516528.
  • 8
    Melton LJ III, Cummings SR 1987 Heterogeneity of age-related fractures: Implications for epidemiology. Bone Miner 2:321331.
  • 9
    Dargent-Molina P, Favier F, Grandjean H, Baudoin C, Schott AM, Meunier PJ, Breart G 1996 Fall-related factors and risk of hip fracture: The EPIDOS prospective study. Lancet 348:145149.
  • 10
    Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Browner WS, Stone K, Fox KM, Ensrud KE, Cauley J, Black D, Vogt TM for the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group 1995 Risk factors for hip fracture in white women. N Engl J Med 332:767773.
  • 11
    Kelsey JL, Browner WS, Seeley DG, Nevitt MC, Cummings SR 1992 Risk factors for fractures of the distal forearm and proximal humerus. Am J Epidemiol 135:477489.
  • 12
    Cummings SR, Nevitt MC 1989 A hypothesis: The causes of hip fractures. J Gerontol Med Sci 44:M107M111.
  • 13
    Greenspan SL, Myers ER, Maitland LA, Resnick NM, Hayes WC 1994 Fall severity and bone mineral density as risk factors for hip fracture in ambulatory elderly. JAMA 271:128133.
  • 14
    Palvanen M, Kannus P, Parkkari J, Pitkäjärvi T, Pasanen M, Vuori I, Järvinen M 2000 The injury mechanism of osteoporotic upper extremity fractures among older adults: A controlled study of 287 consecutive patients and their 108 controls. Osteoporos Int 11:822834.
  • 15
    Nevitt MC, Cummings SR 1993 Type of fall and risk of hip and wrist fractures: The study of osteoporotic fractures. JAGS 41:12261234.
  • 16
    Fardellone P, Sebert JL, Bouraya M, Bonidan O, Leclerq G, Doutrellot C, Bellony R, Dubreuil A 1991 Evaluation of the calcium content of diet by frequential self-questionnaire (French). Rev Rhum Mal Osteoartic 58:99103.
  • 17
    Lawton MP, Brody EM 1969 Assessment of older people: Self-maintaining and instrumental activities of daily living. Gerontologist 9:17986.
  • 18
    Pfeiffer E 1975 A short portable mental status questionnaire for the assessment of organic brain deficit in elderly patients. J Am Geriatr Soc 23:433441.
  • 19
    Hans D, Dargent-Molina P, Schott AM, Sebert JL, Cormier C, Kotzki PO, Delmas PD, Pouilles JM, Breart G, Meunier PJ 1996 Ultrasonographic heel measurements to predict hip fracture in elderly women: The EPIDOS prospective study. Lancet 348:511514.
  • 20
    Porter RW, Miller CG, Grainger D, Palmer SB 1990 Prediction of hip fracture in elderly women: A prospective study. BMJ 301:638641.
  • 21
    Bauer DC, Glüer CC, Cauley JA Vogt TM, Ensrud KE, Genant HK, Black DM 1997 Broadband ultrasound attenuation predicts fractures strongly and independently of densitometry in older women. Arch Intern Med 157:629634.
  • 22
    Krall EA, Dawson-Hughes B 1993 Heritable and life-style determinants of bone mineral density. J Bone Miner Res 8:19.
  • 23
    Flicker L, Hopper JL, Rodgers L, Kaymakci B, Green RM, Wark JD 1995 Bone density determinants in elderly women: A twin study. J Bone Miner Res 10:16071613.
  • 24
    Nguyen TV, Howard GM, Kelly PJ, Eisman JA 1998 Bone mass, lean mass, and fat mass: Same genes or same environments? Am J Epidemiol 147:316.
  • 25
    Danielson ME, Cauley JA, Baker CE, Newman AB, Dorman JS, Towers JD, Kuller L 1999 Familial resemblance of bone mineral density (BMD) and calcaneal ultrasound attenuation: The BMD in mothers and daughters study. J Bone Miner Res 14:102110.
  • 26
    Schott AM, Cormier C, Hans D, Favier F, Hausherr E, Dargent-Molina P, Delmas PD, Ribot C, Sebert JL, Bréart G, Meunier PJ for the EPIDOS Group 1998 How hip and whole-body bone mineral density predict hip fracture in elderly women: The EPIDOS prospective study. Osteoporos Int 8:247254.
  • 27
    Dargent-Molina P, Poitiers F, Bréart G for the EPIDOS group 2000 In elderly women weight is the best predictor of a very low bone mineral density: Evidence from the EPIDOS Study. Osteoporos Int 11:881888.
  • 28
    Kellogg international work group on the prevention of falls in the elderly 1987 The prevention of falls in later life. Dan Med Bull 34(Suppl 4):124.
  • 29
    Tinetti ME, Speechley M 1989 Prevention of falls among the elderly. N Engl J Med 320:10551059.
  • 30
    King MB, Tinetti ME 1995 Falls in community-dwelling older persons. JAGS 43:11461154.
  • 31
    Tinetti ME, Speechley M, Ginter SF 1988 Risk factors for falls among elderly persons living in the community. N Engl J Med 319:17011707.
  • 32
    Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Kidd S, Black D 1989 Risk factors for recurrent nonsyncopal falls: A prospective study. JAMA 261:26632668.
  • 33
    Province MA, Hadley EC, Hornbrook MC, Lipsitz LA, Miller JP, Mulrow CD, Ory MG, Sattin RW, Tinetti ME, Wolf SL for the FICSIT group 1995 The effects of exercise on falls in elderly patients. A preplanned meta-analysis of the FICSIT Trials. JAMA 273:13411347.
  • 34
    Joakimsen RM, Magnus JH, Fonnebo V 1997 Physical activity and predisposition for hip fractures: A review. Osteoporos Int 7:503513.
  • 35
    Gregg EW, Cauley JA, Seeley DG, Ensrud KE, Bauer DC 1998 Physical activity and osteoporotic fracture risk in older women. Ann Intern Med 129:8188.
  • 36
    Stevens JA, Powell KE, Smith SM, Wingo PA, Sattin RW 1997 Physical activity, functional limitations, and risk of fall-related fractures in community-dwelling elderly. Ann Epidemiol 7:5461.
  • 37
    Nevitt MC, Cummings SR 1992 Falls and fractures in older women. In: BVellas, MTouper, LRubenstein, JLAlbarède, YChristen (eds.) Falls, Balance and Gait Disorders in the Elderly. Elsevier, Paris, France. pp. 6980.
  • 38
    Lauritzen JB, Schwarz P, Lund B, McNair P, Transbol I 1993 Changing incidence and residual lifetime risk of common osteoporosis-related fractures. Osteoporos Int 3:127132.
  • 39
    Baron JA, Barrett J, Malenka D, Fisher E, Kniffin W, Bubolz T, Tosteson T 1994 Racial differences in fracture risk. Epidemiology 5:4247.
  • 40
    Singer BR, McLauchlan GJ, Robinson CM, Christie J 1998 Epidemiology of fractures in 15000 adults. The influence of age and gender. J Bone Joint Surg Br 80:243248.
  • 41
    Haviko T, Maasalu K, Seeder J 1996 The incidence of osteoporotic fractures at the university hospital of Tartu, Estonia. Scand J Rheumatol 25(Suppl 103):1315.