This work was made possible by the generous support of the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, New York, NY, and the University of Pittsburgh Central Research Development Fund, Pittsburgh, PA. The authors wish to acknowledge the contributions of David Brent, MD, Department of Psychiatry, Pediatrics, and Epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Graduate School of Public Health; Karen Evanczuk, PhD, CRNP, Family Nurse Practitioner, Department of Community Outreach, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, UPMC McKeesport; and Susan Wesner, MSN, RN, Clinical Nurse Specialist, Services for Teens at Risk, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Pittsburgh, PA.
Complicated Grief and Suicidal Ideation in Adult Survivors of Suicide
Article first published online: 7 JAN 2011
2005 The American Association for Suicidology
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume 35, Issue 5, pages 498–506, October 2005
How to Cite
Mitchell, A. M., Kim, Y., Prigerson, H. G. and Mortimer, M. K. (2005), Complicated Grief and Suicidal Ideation in Adult Survivors of Suicide. Suicide and Life-Threat Behavi, 35: 498–506. doi: 10.1521/suli.2005.35.5.498
- Issue published online: 7 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 7 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Received: May 18, 2004; Revision Accepted: December 20, 2004
While the prevalence of complicated grief has been demonstrated to be elevated in survivors of suicide, the association between complicated grief and suicidal ideation among adult suvivors of suicide has not been explored. The purpose of the present study is to examine the association between complicated grief and suicidal ideation in suicide survivors. The Inventory of Complicated Grief and the Beck Depression Inventory were administered to 60 adult survivors within 1 month of a death by suicide of a family member or significant other. Complicated grief was associated with a 9.68 (CI: 1.036, 90.417) times greater likelihood of suicidal ideation after controlling for depression, suggesting that syndromal complicated grief heightens vulnerability to suicidal ideation. Clinicians may provide more comprehensive assessments by recognizing the possibility of suicidal ideation in those with complicated grief.