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Warning Signs for Suicide: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications


  • American Association of Suicidology Working Group members included: M. David Rudd, Lanny Berman, Thomas Joiner, Matthew Nock, Greg Brown, Dana Carr, David Chambers, Yeates Conwell, Jan Fawcett, Keith Hawton, Karen Clapper Morris, James Overholser, Mitch Prinstein, David Shaffer, Peter Sheras, and Morton Silverman.

Texas Tech University, Psychology Department, MS 42051, Lubbock, TX 79409–2051; E-mail:


The current article addresses the issue of warning signs for suicide, attempting to differentiate the construct from risk factors. In accordance with the characteristic features discussed, a consensus set of warning signs identified by the American Association of Suicidology working group are presented, along with a discussion of relevant clinical and research applications.