Adolescent Suicide Attempters: What Predicts Future Suicidal Acts?

Authors


  • The study has received support from University of Oslo and from the Norwegian Research Council. The authors have no ties with for-profit enterprises.

Sogn Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, P.O. Box 26, Vinderen, 0319 Oslo, Norway; E-mail: berit.groholt@medisin.uio.no

Abstract

Predictors for repetition of suicide attempts were evaluated among 92 adolescent suicide attempters 9 years after an index suicide attempt (90% females). Five were dead, two by suicide. Thirty-one (42%) of 73 had repeated a suicide attempt. In multiple Cox regression analysis, four factors had an independent predictive effect: comorbid disorders, hopelessness, having ever received treatment for mental or behavior problems, and having a father exerting control without affection. Prediction on an individual level was difficult. Since almost half repeated a suicidal act, the best strategy is to evaluate all adolescent suicide attempters thoroughly and provide treatment as needed.

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