The study was funded by the Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust.
Performance of the CES-D and its Short Forms in Screening Suicidality and Hopelessness in the Community
Article first published online: 31 DEC 2010
2007 The American Association for Suicidology
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume 37, Issue 1, pages 79–88, February 2007
How to Cite
Cheung, Y. B., Liu, K. Y. and Yip, P. S.F. (2007), Performance of the CES-D and its Short Forms in Screening Suicidality and Hopelessness in the Community. Suicide and Life-Threat Behavi, 37: 79–88. doi: 10.1521/suli.2007.37.1.79
- Issue published online: 31 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 31 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Received: January 30, 2006; Revision Acccepted: June 22, 2006
A measurement scale should be short and quick to complete if it is to be practically useful. Drawing on data from a community-based survey of 2,178 people in Hong Kong, we compared five short forms (5- to 10-item) and the original version (20-item) of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies–Depression Scale (CES-D; Radloff, 1977) in predicting suicidal attempts and suicidal thoughts. Short forms with as few as nine items performed in ways very similar to the full version; a version with only five items had a detectable difference from the full version. Sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values in differentiating people with and without suicidal thought or attempt change almost linearly with the cut-offs.