The authors thank the staff in the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Branch Hospital of the University of Tokyo, for their help in data collection. The study was partly supported by the Teikyo-Harvard Fellowship, organized by the Teikyo University in Tokyo.
Suicidal Ideation and Somatic Symptoms of Patients with Mind/Body Distress in a Japanese Psychosomatic Clinic
Article first published online: 19 JAN 2011
2002 The American Association for Suicidology
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume 32, Issue 1, pages 80–90, Spring 2002
How to Cite
Nakao, M., Yamanaka, G. and Kuboki, T. (2002), Suicidal Ideation and Somatic Symptoms of Patients with Mind/Body Distress in a Japanese Psychosomatic Clinic. Suicide and Life-Threat Behavi, 32: 80–90. doi: 10.1521/suli.188.8.131.5279
- Issue published online: 19 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 19 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Received: August 23, 2000 Revision Accepted: March 30, 2001
To examine associations of suicidal ideation with somatic symptoms, 863 outpatients were studied in a psychosomatic clinic in Japan. All subjects were diagnosed according to the third and fourth editions of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III-R and DSM-IV). They completed the Cornell Medical Index Questionnaire to assess suicidal ideation and 15 major somatic symptoms. Mood states were rated using the Profile of Mood States (POMS). In the study, 266 patients (31%) reported suicidal ideation. The age- and sex-adjusted odds ratios (typically in the range of 1.5 to 2.5) of somatic symptoms for suicide ideation showed significant differences (all ps < .05) for 13 of 15 symptoms. The total number of somatic symptoms predicted suicidal ideation (p < .05), controlling for the significant effects of sex, education, marital status, and the POMS Depression scale scores through multiple regression analysis. Evaluation of somatic symptoms might be important to assess suicidal ideation in a psychosomatic medicine population.