This study was supported by grants from Swedish Medical Council, the Sjöbring Fund, the OM Persson Memorial Fund, and the Söderström-Königska Foundation. Arne Frank prepared the case records in the second follow-up.
Suicide after Suicide Attempt in Severe Depression: A Long-Term Follow-Up
Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
2003 The American Association for Suicidology
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Volume 33, Issue 4, pages 381–388, Winter 2003
How to Cite
Brådvik, L. (2003), Suicide after Suicide Attempt in Severe Depression: A Long-Term Follow-Up. Suicide and Life-Threat Behavi, 33: 381–388. doi: 10.1521/suli.33.4.381.25234
- Issue published online: 6 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 6 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Received: October 4, 2002; Revision Accepted: May 20, 2003
The temporal relation between completed suicide and first-ever suicide attempt was investigated in 58 future suicides with a primary severe depression/melancholia. The median survival after a first attempted suicide was 6.7 years. Male patients with initial ratings of psychomotor retardation lived significantly longer after their initial attempt than those who were not retarded. They also had more depressive episodes compared to other male suicides and retarded controls. Thus a slow suicidal process in the men with a severe depression and psychomotor retardation is proposed. Severity, repetition, and method of suicide attempt did not decrease the survival time.