FURTHER COMMENTS ON EVOLUTIONISM IN CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY1

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    1 This paper was read on December 29, 1947, at the 46th annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association held at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, New Mexico. After the reading, Professor M. J. Herskovits urged the author to replace the term “evolution” with the term “development.” I presume that he accepts the appropriateness of evolution when applied to the study of processes and levels of development in the realm of zoology, but for cultural evolution prefers a term that is less encumbered with undesirable connotations. My feeling is that the intelligibility of present discussions need not be lessened if we continue to employ the term which ties up contemporary with earlier studies. If such a tie-up is clearly indicated there can also be no important objection to utilization of an alternative term of equivalent intelligibility.

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