social change and the rise and decline of social movements: the case of Cyprus1


  • 1

    The research was conducted during three consecutive periods. The writer, who is a native of Cyprus, spent the summer months of 1969 and 1970 in Cyprus as well as a nine-month period in 1971 (April to December) in order to collect the data.


A social movement is an integral part of the total sociocultural environment. Any major transformation of the latter will most probably have a corresponding impact on the former. This proposition is examined through a detailed analysis of the anticolonialist movement of the Greek Cypriots to unite Cyprus with Greece (known as the Enosis movement). It is concluded that a traditionally rooted movement like Enosis cannot maintain its mass appeal if its ideological content remains intransigent and inflexible in its devotion to traditional norms at a time when the underlying sociocultural environment undergoes profound secularizing and modernizing changes.