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The commercial development and modernizing practices in two Eastern Arctic settlements of Canada have influenced the socialization of Inuit children. Decreased emphasis placed on the traditional role of females in subsistence techniques is reflected in the patterns of acculturation and vocational aspirations of female children and adolescents. Responses to a modified Instrumental Activities Inventory and data on education, employment, legal offenses, and marriage choices tend to support the conclusion that Inuit females identify more strongly with Eurocanadian values and roles than do Inuit males.