The lyrics of Ti Manno, a popular Haitian singer, and the short-lived Ti Manno movement are examined in order to elucidate the factors that shape the multiple and overlapping identities of Haitian immigrants. It is argued that, as black immigrants, Haitians tend to be “transnationals” who form identities that allow them to accommodate to and resist realities of race and class in both Haiti and the United States. [transnationalism, ethnic identity, race, immigration, Haiti, nationalism, class]
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