Detailed consideration of faunal assemblage structure shows that regularities occur in the way resources were obtained during the Upper Palaeolithic of Western Europe; research into anatomical element representation and butchery marks sheds light on the probable function of individual sites and their role in the regional subsistence system. Both published and unpublished data from three Magdalenian deposits from southwest France (St.-Germain-la-Rivière, Limeuil, and Reignac) are considered. The predominance of species such as reindeer at Limeuil and Reignac reflects prevailing hunting and butchery strategies in addition to environmental conditions prevailing at the time of assemblage formation.
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