The social system of Bronze Age Denmark (c. 1500–500 BC) Is analyzed from the perspective of heterarchy. Special emphasis is placed on archeological evidence from habitation sites, Including direct evidence of economic activities and production control. The history of such research is reviewed to reveal the intellectual traditions of previous analyses. In addition, gender relations and the role of ritual in the social system are considered. The framing concept of heterarchy helps explicitly integrate evidence of domestic and ritual activities and emphasizes the importance of lateral as well as vertical relationships within the prehistoric society.