Susan Kent began her career by examining the spatial layout of Navajo pastoral encampments. Later Kent undertook field research in southern Africa in order to examine the cross-cultural variability of mobility strategies among contemporary foragers, farmers, and herders. I have also documented patterns of seasonal and periodic mobility among contemporary Greek village and transhumant pastoralists. These ethnographic insights on pastoral mobility have been applied to the study of prehistoric settlement patterns of Iron Age groups in Kazakhstan. This chapter highlights the differences and commonalities of mobility strategies used by both foraging and pastoral groups. From these disparate cases I emphasize how Kent and I examined the social uses of mobility among nomadic peoples.