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Keywords:

  • Indonesia;
  • transgender;
  • transvestite;
  • national culture;
  • authenticity

ABSTRACT Waria (better known as banci or béncong), who can be provisionally defined as male-to-female transvestites, are wellknown members of contemporary Indonesian society. Waria are best understood not as a third gender but a male femininity. By exploring how waria reconfigure concepts of authenticity, I address the relationship between the waria subject position and Indonesian national culture.