The Effects of Differential Government Policies on Social Integration in One Region of Mexico: A Historical Perspective



The focus of this paper is on differential government policies in the agricultural context in one rural region of Mexico and the resultant effect of these policies on the vertical integration of two village communities within the region. The specific governmental policies to be examined bear on land distribution and investment in agricultural development particularly relating to the expansion of irrigation. Using a diachronic perspective, I shall argue that community integration along with community development is largely a function of the interaction between government policies and the linkages such policies generate between a community and the nationstate. The historical dimension illuminates the ways in which Mexico's pre-revolutionary land tenure patterns have influenced subsequent national investment strategies which in turn have produced different linkages of two communities with the national sector Socio-structural variation resulting from differential integration is reflected in community development and is associated with the presence and absence of power brokers who play a crucial role in village integration into the nation-state.