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In 1990, the wife of the president of Ecuador visited a rural, indigenous community in Chimborazo province to dedicate two childcare centers. The celebration included folkloric performances by local residents, including a reenactment of costumed dances regarded as “sinful” by the great majority of residents, who have converted to Evangelical Protestantism. This paper examines this event by considering the significance of folkloric performance in interactions between ethnic groups and the state, and by examining how “national” conventions of folkloric representation are used within the community.