This article argues for the use of an anthro-planning approach in local-level development projects, focusing here on its use in heritage tourism development. Anthro-planning is an approach that infuses anthropological perspectives and methods into planning projects. The article starts by discussing some guiding principles for an anthro-planning approach derived from the author's experiences in planning regional heritage tourism–education sites. The emphases are (1) taking a collaborative or partnership approach that actively seeks public participation in the planning process and (2) extensively incorporating anthropological field methods into the project design. The article then provides some concrete examples by showing how this approach was applied in planning two cultural heritage parks for an Appalachian Virginia region. One case documents the planning of an Appalachian coal-mining heritage park while the other example focuses on development of an Appalachian farm heritage museum and park.