We acknowledge helpful input from Karen Grace-Martin, Cecilia Danks, Karen Fligger, Bruce Lauber, James McCarthy, Jeff Milder, and Jim Lassoie and the financial support of the Northern States Research Consortium and Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station (award #147–3306). Direct correspondence to: Steven Wolf, Department of Natural Resources, 118 Fernow Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, email@example.com, (607)-255–7778.
Toward Multifunctional Landscapes: Cross-Sectional Analysis of Management Priorities in New York's Northern Forest*
Article first published online: 22 OCT 2009
2007 Rural Sociological Society
Volume 72, Issue 3, pages 391–417, September 2007
How to Cite
Klein, J. A. and Wolf, S. A. (2007), Toward Multifunctional Landscapes: Cross-Sectional Analysis of Management Priorities in New York's Northern Forest. Rural Sociology, 72: 391–417. doi: 10.1526/003601107781799317
- Issue published online: 22 OCT 2009
- Article first published online: 22 OCT 2009
Abstract Globalization and shifting societal relations with nature generate change and conflicting politics in rural areas of industrialized nations. In this context, multifunctionality has emerged as an important policy logic to stabilize commodity production while encouraging amenity-based development and the production of ecological services. We argue that the concept of multifunctionality, while originally derived from agricultural trade negotiations, is applicable to integrated rural development challenges in forested landscapes. To understand and realize a progressive form of multifunctionality, information is needed on local actors' land use priorities and the factors that shape their interests. Based on data from a 2004 mail survey (183 valid responses; 61% response rate) in two northern NY communities, one amenity-oriented and the other timber-dependent, we conducted an empirical analysis of actors' forest management priorities. Factor analysis allowed us to identify four distinct orientations to management: ecological orientation, recreation orientation, large-scale timber orientation, and small-scale industry orientation. GLM regression allows us to assess how economic context, professional roles, and personal lifestyle considerations affect individuals' adherence to these distinct orientations. The commonalities and differences we observe among sets of actors engaged in forest policy and management point to constraints to realization of multifunctionality and to opportunities to develop richer conceptual tools to probe contemporary transitions.