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Abstract

The goal of this study was to assess the interest of photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) for laparoscopic detection of peritoneal micro metastasis in ovarian carcinoma. Using an experimental animal model, intraperitoneal injection of aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and hexylester of aminolevulinic acid (He-ALA) were compared in order to improve laparoscopic detection of ovarian peritoneal carcinomatosis. Twenty-one 344 Fischer female rats received an intra peritoneal injection of 106 NuTu-19 cells. At day 22, carcinomatosis with micro peritoneal metastasis was obtained. Rats were randomized in three groups concerning intra peritoneal injection before laparoscopic staging: 5-ALA hydrochloride, HE-ALA and sterile water. Using D Light system®, laparoscopic peritoneal exploration was performed with white light (WL) first and then with blue light (BL). The main objective was to assess feasibility and sensibility of laparoscopic PDD for nonvisible peritoneal micro metastasis of ovarian cancer. The main parameter was the confirmation of neoplasic status of fluorescent foci by histology. Concerning PDD after intraperitoneal injection of 5-ALA, mean values of lesions seen is higher than without fluorescence (32 vs 20.7; P = 0.01). Using He-ALA, mean values of detected lesions is higher than without fluorescence (42.9 vs 33.6; P < 0.001). Neoplasic status of fluorescent foci was confirmed in 92.8% of cases (39/42). Using 5-ALA, fluorescence of cancerous tissue is significantly higher than that of normal tissue in all the rats (ratio 1.17) (P = 0.01). With He-ALA, intensity of fluorescence is significantly higher in cancerous tissue compared to normal tissue, irrespective of the rat studied (ratio 1.22; P < 0.001).