An update on damage to the pelvic floor in childbirth
Article first published online: 26 JAN 2011
2009 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist
Volume 11, Issue 3, pages 157–162, July 2009
How to Cite
Dolan, L. (2009), An update on damage to the pelvic floor in childbirth. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist, 11: 157–162. doi: 10.1576/toag.18.104.22.168499
- Issue published online: 26 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 26 JAN 2011
- anal incontinence;
- caesarean section;
- pelvic organ prolapse;
- urinary incontinence
- • Caesarean section may reduce the risk of postnatal pelvic floor dysfunction; long-term benefits are less clear.
- • Non-obstetric factors such as age, obesity and family history are independent factors that confer significant risk of pelvic floor dysfunction.
- • Further research, perhaps using pelvic floor imaging, may improve our understanding of the nature of the injuries.
- • To review the literature on obstetric risk factors for pelvic floor dysfunction.
- • To be able to counsel women on the place of caesarean section in protecting the pelvic floor.
- • Insufficient information is available for counselling on the impact of obstetric events on pelvic floor symptoms when women have completed their reproductive life.
Please cite this article as: Dolan L. An update on damage to the pelvic floor in childbirth. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 2009;11:157–162.