Risk Assessment for Antimicrobial Agent-Induced QTc Interval Prolongation and Torsades de Pointes

Authors

  • Robert C. Owens Jr. Pharm.D.

    Corresponding author
    1. Departments of Clinical Pharmacy and Infectious Diseases, Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine, and the Department of Medicine, University of Vermont, College of Medicine, Burlington, Vermont
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Department of Clinical Pharmacy Services and Infectious Diseases, Maine Medical Center, 22 Bramhall Street, Portland, ME 04102

Abstract

Over the past several years a multitude of new pharmaceutical agents have been released to the market. Several of them were withdrawn altogether or their use severely restricted to certain indications due to unexpected adverse events, including fatalities. Progress in developing new compounds clearly has surpassed our technology, in some cases, to measure and predict certain toxicities. Prolongation of the QT interval, which may lead to potentially life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias such as torsades de pointes, is one example. Regulatory agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration are increasing standards by which drugs are evaluated for cardiac toxicity related to QT interval prolongation. It is imperative that clinicians be knowledgeable of the risk factors for QT prolongation and avoid the use of culpable agents in patients at risk for QT prolongation.

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