• topic;
  • theoretical;
  • critlit;
  • critped;
  • policy;
  • legislation;
  • study;
  • learner;
  • early adolescence;
  • adolescence;
  • type;
  • article

Critical literacy has been on the map of literacy pedagogy internationally since the time of Freire, and more commonplace in the United States in the last few decades. However, in this column the authors argue that the common practices of critical literacy are insufficient for critical engagement with texts. The tools of critical literacy are employed to explore ways in which recent legislation about immigration and ethnicity in Arizona is connected to racialized laws of exclusion and inclusion in the United States.