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Keywords:

  • Adhesion receptors;
  • Integrins;
  • Mouse

Abstract

Adult corneal epithelial stem cells (CESCs) have been shown to reside at the periphery of the cornea at a site called the corneoscleral junction or limbus. Although studies have shown that these cells are slow cycling, their molecular characteristics are not well understood. Using a whole-mount procedure, we show that whereas α9-integrin is present in a subset of the basal cells at the corneal limbus and absent in the central cornea, β1-, β4-, α3-, and α6-integrins are more highly expressed overall in central corneal basal cells. To characterize CESCs based on their slow-cycling nature, we simultaneously evaluated 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) label-retaining cells (LRCs) and integrin expression (α9, β1, and β4) in a total of 1,889 cells at the limbus of adult mice that had been injected as neonates with BrdU. Whereas the LRCs were usually observed adjacent to α9-integrin-positive cells, most LRCs were α9-integrin–negative and expressed high levels of β1- and β4-integrin. In addition, we observed more BrdU-positive LRCs at the superior and inferior quadrants of adult mouse corneas than at the nasal and temporal quadrants, and determined that 0.94 to 3.6% of the limbal basal cells were slow cycling. We conclude from these data that the slow-cycling LRCs in the adult mouse cornea are enriched in cells that express high levels of β1- and β4-integrin and little α9-integrin.